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OHCA Policies and Rules

317:30-5-1020. General provisions

[Revised 09-01-21]

(a) School-based services are medically necessary health-related and rehabilitative services that are provided by a qualified school provider to a student under the age of twenty-one (21) pursuant to an Individualized Education Program (IEP), in accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Payment is made to qualified school providers for delivery of school-based services, provided that such services are, among other things, medically necessary and sufficiently supported by medical records and/or other documentation, as explained below.

(b) An IEP and all relevant supporting documentation, including, but not limited to, the documentation required by Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 317:30-5-1020(c), below, serves as the plan of care for consideration of reimbursement for school-based services. The plan of care must contain, among other things, the signatures, including credentials, of the provider(s) and the direct care staff delivering services under the supervision of the professional; as well as a complete, signed, and current IEP which clearly establishes the type, frequency, and duration of the service(s) to be provided, the specific place of services if other than the school (e.g., field trip, home), and measurable goals for each of the identified needs. Goals must be updated to reflect the current therapy, evaluation, or service that is being provided and billed to SoonerCare.

(1) Except for those services, referenced in OAC 317:30-5-1023(b)(2)(H), a plan of care that meets the requirements of OAC 317:30-5-1020(b), above, shall serve as a prior medical authorization for the purpose of providing medically necessary and appropriate school-based services to students.

(2) For the purposes of occupational therapy services, and services for members with speech, hearing, and language disorders, a plan of care that meets the requirements of OAC 317:30-5-1020(b), above, may also, in accordance with sections ('') 725.2(H) and 888.4(C) of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes (O.S.) serve as a valid prescription or referral for an initial evaluation and any subsequent services, as is required by Title 42 of Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), ' 440.110.

(3) Physical therapy services, by contrast, shall require a signed and dated prescription from the student's physician prior to that student's initial evaluation, in accordance with OAC 317:30-5-291(1). Prescriptions for school-based physical therapy must be reauthorized at least annually, and documented within Oklahoma State Department of Education's (OSDE) online IEP system, as set forth in subsection (c), below.

(c) Qualified school providers must ensure that adequate documentation is maintained within the OSDE online IEP system in order to substantiate that all school-based services billed to SoonerCare are medically necessary and comply with applicable state and federal Medicaid law. Such documentation shall include, among other things:

(1) Documentation establishing sufficient notification to a member's parents and receipt of adequate, written consent from them, prior to accessing a member's or parent's public benefits or insurance for the first time, and annually thereafter, in accordance with 34 C.F.R. 300.154;

(2) Any referral or prescription that is required by state or federal law for the provision of school-based services, or for the payment thereof, in whole or in part, from public funds, including, but not limited to, 42 C.F.R. 440.110. However, any prescription or referral ordered by a physician or other licensed practitioner of the healing arts who has, or whose immediate family member has, a financial interest in the delivery of the underlying service in violation of Section 1395nn, Title 42 of United States Code shall not be valid, and services provided thereto shall not be eligible for reimbursement by the Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA);

(3) An annual evaluation located in or attached to the IEP that clearly demonstrates, by means of the member's diagnosis and any other relevant supporting information, that school-based services are medically necessary, in accordance with OAC 317:30-3-1(f). Evaluations completed solely for educational purposes are not compensable. Evaluations must be completed annually and updated to accurately reflect the student's current status. Any evaluation for medically necessary school-based services, including but not limited to, hearing and speech services, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and psychological therapy, must include the following information:

(A) Documentation that supports why the member was referred for evaluation;

(B) A diagnosis that clearly establishes and supports the need for school-based services;

(C) A summary of the member's strengths, needs, and interests;

(D) The recommended interventions for identified needs, including outcomes and goals;

(E) The recommended units and frequency of services; and

(F) A dated signature and the credentials of the professional completing the evaluation; and

(4) Documentation that establishes the medical necessity of the school-based services being provided between annual evaluations, including, for example, professional notes or updates, reports, and/or assessments that are signed, dated, and credentialed by the rendering practitioner.

(d) All claims related to school-based services that are submitted to OHCA for reimbursement must include any numeric identifier obtained from OSDE.

Disclaimer. The OHCA rules found on this Web site are unofficial. The official rules are published by the Oklahoma Secretary of State Office of Administrative Rules as Title 317 of the Oklahoma Administrative Code. To order an official copy of these rules, contact the Office of Administrative Rules at (405) 521-4911.