Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR)
The Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR) is a self-assessment of a jurisdiction’s current capability levels against the targets identified in the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA). The Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 requires an annual report from any state or territory receiving federal preparedness assistance administered by the Department of Homeland Security. In 2018, Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) and Tribal Homeland Security Grant Program (THSGP) grantees will also complete an SPR. This assessment replaces the previous version of the assessment, the State Preparedness Report.
The SPR supports the National Preparedness System by helping jurisdictions identify preparedness capability gaps and sustainment requirements. States, localities, tribes, territories, Urban Area Security Initiative partners, and the federal government use this information to help make programmatic decisions to build and sustain capabilities, plan to deliver capabilities, and validate capabilities. Jurisdictions submit their assessment to FEMA by December 31 each year.
In 2018, FEMA worked with jurisdictional partners to develop an updated capability assessment methodology. Jurisdictions begin by completing standard capability targets in the THIRA process to determine the level of capability they plan to build to and sustain over time. They then assess their current preparedness levels directly against those targets. Jurisdictions set targets for the 32 core capabilities defined in the National Preparedness Goal.
Using the targets from the THIRA, jurisdictions identify their current capability and how that capability changed over the last year, including capabilities lost, sustained, and built. Jurisdictions also identify capability gaps related to Planning, Organization, Equipment, Training, and Exercises, and indicate their intended approaches for addressing gaps and sustainment requirements. In addition, jurisdictions will identify how FEMA preparedness grants helped to build or sustain capabilities.
The outputs of this process inform a variety of emergency management efforts, including: emergency operations planning, mutual aid agreements, hazard mitigation planning, grant investment strategies, and training and exercise efforts.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 201, 3rd Edition, provides guidance for conducting a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) and Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR). The 1st Edition of CPG 201 (April 2012) presented the basic steps of the THIRA process. Specifically, the 1st Edition described a standard process for identifying community-specific threats and hazards and setting targets for each core capability identified in the National Preparedness Goal. The 2nd Edition (August 2013) expanded the THIRA process to include resource estimation, streamlined the number of steps in the process, and provided additional examples of how to develop a THIRA.
CPG 201, 3rd Edition, includes both the THIRA and SPR because they are interconnected processes that, together, communities use to evaluate their preparedness. The 3rd Edition also introduces updates to both methodologies. The THIRA includes standardized language to describe threat and hazard impacts and capability targets. This allows communities to collect more specific, quantitative information while also providing important context. Through the updated SPR process, communities collect more detailed and actionable data on their current capabilities and identified capability gaps. Communities then indicate their intended approaches for addressing those gaps, and assess the impact of relevant funding sources on building and sustaining capabilities.