Shigellosis is caused by Shigella bacteria. There are four species: Shigella sonnei, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii, and Shigella dysenteria. Symptoms of shigellosis include diarrhea, fever, stomach pain, and the feeling of needing to pass stool even though the bowels are empty. Symptoms appear 1-2 days after infection and can last up to a week. Shigellosis can develop after swallowing the Shigella bacteria.
Shigellosis is caused by the bacteria Shigella. Anyone can become sick with shigellosis, but it is most common among young children, travelers in places where treated tap water is not common, men who have sex with men, and people who have weakened immune systems.
Shigellosis is a reportable disease in Oklahoma.
Prevention steps include:
- Washing your hands with soap and water before sexual activity, preparing or eating food, after going to the bathroom or changing a diaper.
- Take care to avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes, or swimming pools.
- Follow safe food and water habits when travelling, especially internationally.
If you believe you are ill with shigellosis, contact your healthcare provider. Antibiotics can shorten the time you experience symptoms. Symptoms of shigellosis include diarrhea that can be bloody or prolonged, fever, stomach pain, and the feeling to pass stool even when bowels are empty.
Make sure to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and avoid using anti-diarrheal medications if you are experiencing bloody stool.