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74 O.S. § 85.17A. Bidding Preferences - Reciprocity - Awarding Contracts

  1. State agencies shall not discriminate against bidders from states or nations outside Oklahoma, except as provided by this section. State agencies shall reciprocate the bidding preference given by other states or nations to bidders domiciled in their jurisdictions for acquisitions pursuant to the Oklahoma Central Purchasing Act. The State Purchasing Director shall annually prepare and distribute to certified procurement officers a schedule providing which states give bidders in their states a preference and the extent of the preference. This schedule shall be used by state agencies in evaluating bids. 
  2. For purposes of awarding contracts state agencies shall: 
    1. Give preference to goods and services that have been manufactured or produced in this state if the price, fitness, availability and quality are otherwise equal; 
    2. Give preference to goods and services from another state over foreign goods or services if goods or services manufactured or produced in this state are not equal in price, fitness, availability, or quality; and 
    3. Add a percent increase to the bid of a nonresident bidder equal to the percent, if any, of the preference given to the bidder in the state in which the bidder   resides.

Associated Rules

In addition to terms defined in 74 O.S., §85.2, the following words or terms, when used in this Chapter shall have the following meaning, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Acceptable Electronic Signature Technology" means technology that is capable of creating a signature that is unique to the person using it; is capable of verification, is under the sole control of the person using it, and is linked to the data in such a manner that if the data is changed, the electronic signature is invalidated."Acquisition authority" means the dollar amount within which a state agency is approved to make acquisitions without submitting a requisition to the State Purchasing Director."Addendum" means a written modification to a contract."All or none bid" means a bid in which the bidder states only an award for all items or services included in the solicitation will be accepted."All or none solicitation" means a solicitation in which the state indicates it will award a contract to a single supplier for all items or service included in the solicitation."Alteration" means a modification a bidder makes to a solicitation response prior to the response due date."Alternate bid" or "alternative bid" means a bid or proposal, which contains an intentional substantive variation to a basic provision, specification, term or condition of the solicitation."Amendment" means a written change, addition, correction, or revision to a solicitation made by the state agency responsible for making the acquisition."Authorized signature" means a manual, electronic or digital signature or other identifier uniquely linked to a person authorized to sign documents the supplier submits to the State Purchasing Director."Best and Final Offer" or "BAFO" means a final offer submitted in writing by a bidder based on the outcome of negotiations."Bid bond", "performance bond" or "surety" means a form of surety or guaranty that the State Purchasing Director may require bidders to submit with a bid."Bidder" means an individual or business entity that submits a bid or proposal in response to an invitation to bid or a request for proposal. [74 O.S. §85.2] When used in this Chapter, bidder is synonymous with a “supplier” or “supplier” responding to a solicitation."Business days" means Monday through Friday and is exclusive of weekends and Oklahoma state holidays."Central Purchasing Division" means the Central Purchasing Division of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services."Certified Procurement Officer" or "CPO" means a state agency procurement official certified as a procurement officer or analyst by the State Purchasing Director under the provisions of the Oklahoma Central Purchasing Act."Chief Information Officer" means the chief administrative officer of the Information Services Division of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services."Clarification" means a bidder’s explanation of all or part of a bid that does not change, alter or supplement the bid."Closing date/time" means the date and Central Time a solicitation specifies responses are due."Commodity classification" means numeric designations the State Purchasing Director assigns to classify goods and services into similar categories."Competitive solicitation" means a process for acquiring goods or services wherein bidders submit bids to the Central Purchasing Division or a state agency pursuant to terms, conditions and other requirements of a solicitation. The competitive solicitation process may be electronic when the terms of the solicitation expressly permit electronic submission and the requirements of applicable statutes and rules are met."Days" means calendar days unless otherwise specified."Debar" or "debarment" means action taken by the State Purchasing Director to exclude any business entity from inclusion on the Supplier List, bidding, offering to bid, receiving an award of contract with the State of Oklahoma for acquisitions by state agencies or a contract the Office of Management and Enterprise Services awards or administers and may also result in cancellation of existing contracts with the State of Oklahoma."Director" or "OMES Director" means the Director of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services or his designee."Electronic Signature" means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record. Unless otherwise provided by this Chapter or law, an electronic signature may be used to sign a document and shall have the same force and effect as a written signature."Emergency acquisition" means an acquisition made by the State Purchasing Director or a state agency without seeking competitive bids to relieve an unforeseen condition believed to place human life or safety in imminent danger or threaten significant property interests with imminent destruction; or, is a condition certified by the Governor as a serious environmental situation. [Reference 74 O.S. §85.7]"Firm bid" means an offer by a bidder which contains no conditions which may prevent acceptance and which, by its terms, remains open and binding until the State Purchasing Director accepts or rejects the bid."Fiscal year" means the period of time from July 1 of a calendar year through June 30 of the succeeding calendar year."Forms" means documents the OMES Director prescribes and requires suppliers and state agencies to use to provide information to OMES."Indefinite quantity contract" means a contract the State Purchasing Director, CIO, or a state agency establishes based on historical usage of a service or product rather than a specified quantity of said service or product and which does not obligate the State to purchase any certain amount."Information Services Division" means the Information Services Division of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services."Information technology" or "IT" means any electronic information equipment or interconnected system that is used in the acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information, including audio, graphic, and text. [62 O.S. §34.29]"Invitation to bid" or "ITB" means a type of solicitation a state agency or the State Purchasing Director sends to suppliers to request submission of bids by suppliers for acquisitions."Invoice" refers to a proper invoice as defined by the State Comptroller."Material deficiency" or "material deviation" means a supplier’s failure to provide information necessary to evaluate a solicitation."Minor deficiency" or "minor informality" means an immaterial defect in a bid or variation in a bid from the exact requirements of a solicitation that may be corrected or waived without prejudice to other bidders. A minor deficiency or informality does not affect the price, quantity, quality, delivery or conformance to specifications and is negligible in comparison to the total cost or scope of the acquisition."Multi-award" means the award of a contract to two or more suppliers to furnish an indefinite quantity or category of item, where more than one supplier is needed to meet the contract requirements for quantity, delivery, service or product compatibility."Non-collusion certification" means a certification submitted by a supplier with any competitive bid or contract executed by the state for goods or services in accordance with 74 O.S. §85.22."Non-responsive" means a bid or proposal that has been determined not to conform to essential requirements of a solicitation."Oklahoma Central Purchasing Act" means 74 O.S. §§85.1 et seq."Oklahoma Correctional Industries" or "OCI" means a program of the State Department of Corrections for utilization of inmate labor for the manufacture or production of items or products for use by state agencies."Oklahoma Information Technology Accessibility Standards" or "IT Accessibility Standards" means the accessibility standards adopted by the Office of Management and Enterprise Services, to address all technical standard categories of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (29 U.S.C. 794d), as amended by the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-220, August 7, 1998) to be used by each state agency in the procurement of information technology, and in the development and implementation of custom-designed information technology systems, web sites, and other emerging information technology systems."Office of Management and Enterprise Services" or "Office" or "OMES" means the Oklahoma Office of Management and Enterprise Services."Online Bidding" means an electronic procurement process in which state agencies receive bids from suppliers for goods, services, construction, or information services over the Internet or other electronic medium in a real-time, competitive bidding event."Procurement" means buying, purchasing, renting, leasing, or otherwise acquiring any goods or services. The term also means all functions that pertain to the obtaining of any goods or services, including, but not limited to, the description of requirements, selection, and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contracts, and all phases of contract administration."Ratification of an unauthorized commitment" means the act of approving an unauthorized commitment made by a state agency and the written agreement documenting the approval."Reciprocity" means a preference, which the State Purchasing Director or state agency shall apply against the price submitted for an acquisition by an out-of-state bidder whose home state applies a similar preference against Oklahoma bidders."Registered supplier" means a supplier that registers with the Central Purchasing Division pursuant to 74 O.S. §85.33."Remedy" means to cure, alter, correct or change."Request for information" or "RFI" means a non-binding procurement practice used to obtain information, comments, and feedback from interested parties or potential suppliers prior to issuing a solicitation."Request for proposal" or "RFP" means a type of solicitation a state agency or the State Purchasing Director provides to suppliers requesting submission of proposals for acquisitions. "Request for quotation" or "RFQ" means a simplified written or oral solicitation a state agency or the State Purchasing Director provides to suppliers requesting submission of a quote for acquisitions."Requisition number" means an identifier the state agency or OMES assigns to a requisition."Requisitioning unit" means the unit in a state agency responsible for making acquisitions."Responsible supplier" means a supplier who demonstrates capabilities in all respects to fully perform the requirements of a contract that may include, but may not be limited to, finances, credit history, experience, integrity, perseverance, reliability, capacity, facilities and equipment, and performance history which will ensure good faith performance."Responsive" means a bid or proposal that has been determined to conform to the essential requirements of a solicitation."Reverse Auctioning" means a procurement method wherein pre-qualified bidders are invited to bid on specified goods or services through real-time electronic bidding, with the award being made to the lowest responsive and responsible bidder. During the bidding process, bidders’ price positions are revealed and bidders shall have the opportunity to modify their bid prices for the duration of the time period established by the solicitation."Scheduled acquisition" means a recurring acquisition that consolidates multiple state agency requirements for a given commodity or group of commodities."State official" means a person that works for a department, state agency, trusteeship, authority, school district, fair board, advisory group, task force or study group supported in whole or in part by public funds or administering or operating public property."State Purchasing Director" means the director of the Central Purchasing Division of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services appointed by the OMES Director; and, includes any employee or agent of the State Purchasing Director, acting within the scope of delegated authority. [74 O.S. §85.2] Unless otherwise stated, the term includes employees of the Central Purchasing Division and state agency purchasing officials certified by the State Purchasing Director to which the State Purchasing Director has lawfully delegated authority to act on his or her behalf. In regards to the procurement of information technology or telecommunications, the term means the Chief Information Officer of the Office of Management and Enterprise Services."State Use Committee" means the statutory Committee that certifies severely disabled individuals and sheltered workshops as qualified organizations to contract with the state to provide products and services, which are designated in the State Use Committee procurement schedule for state agency acquisitions pursuant to 74 O.S. §§ 3001 et seq."Statement of Work" means a detailed description of the work which a state agency requires a contractor or supplier to perform or accomplish."Supplier" or "supplier" means an individual or business entity that sells or desires to sell acquisitions to state agencies [74 O.S. §85.2]."Supplier performance evaluation" means information a state agency or OMES Procurement provides to the State Purchasing Director, in a manner the OMES Director prescribes, that documents the quality of service or products provided by a supplier."Supplier registration" means a process a supplier uses to register with the Central Purchasing Division to automatically receive solicitations based on a commodity class for a specified period of time."Supplier List" means a list of individuals or business entities that have registered with the Central Purchasing Division in order to receive notification of solicitations for commodities specified in their registration application."Suspension" means an action by the State Purchasing Director to suspend a supplier’s authority to be included on the Supplier List, be eligible to submit bids to state agencies and be awarded a contract by a state agency subject to the Central Purchasing Act."Utility service" or "utilities" means a public service furnishing electricity, natural gas, water, or sewage.

  1. Time of award. The contract award shall be made upon completion of bid evaluation and associated administrative tasks necessary to complete the acquisition. State agency personnel shall not announce or reveal their decision regarding supplier evaluation or recommendation for award in any public manner or forum, until the State Purchasing Director has issued the award of contract. 
  2. Reasons for bid rejection. The State Purchasing Director may reject a bid when the bid is determined to be non-responsive or the bid is from a supplier who is not responsible, for reasons included, but not limited to, those listed in 260:115-7-32
  3. Notification of successful bidder. The State Purchasing Director shall notify the successful bidder within five (5) business days of the contract award. 
  4. Public inspection. The evaluation documentation shall be open for public inspection, upon request, following contract award. 

  1. A supplier may protest a contract award by a state agency or OMES to the State Purchasing Director. All remedies available to suppliers through the sealed bid process pursuant to the Oklahoma Central Purchasing Act are also available to online bidders in an online bidding process. 
    1. Supplier notification. A supplier shall submit written notice to the State Purchasing Director of a protest of an award of contract by a state agency or OMES within ten (10) business days of contract award. The supplier protest notice shall state all facts and reasons in specificity for protest. 
    2. State Purchasing Director review and determination. The State Purchasing Director shall review the supplier’s protest and contract award documents. 
      1. The State Purchasing Director may determine to respond to the protest or delegate the responsibility by written notice to the state agency that awarded the contract. 
      2. The State Purchasing Director or state agency, whichever is applicable, shall send written notice of the decision to deny or sustain the protest to the supplier within ten (10) business days of receipt of the protest. 
    3. Supplier appeal of decision to deny protest. The supplier may appeal a denial of protest by the State Purchasing Director or a state agency to the OMES Director. 
      1. Such appeal shall be filed by the supplier within ten (10) business days of the date of the State Purchasing Director’s or state agency’s notice of denial pursuant to 75 O.S. §§309 et seq
      2. The OMES Director may enter an order staying contract performance upon such terms and conditions as the OMES Director determines to be proper.  Any request for stay of contract performance must be made in writing and filed during the ten (10) business day time period in which an appeal may be commenced to the OMES Director. The OMES Director shall have continuing jurisdiction to modify any such orders made in connection with a stay during the pendency of the appeal as appropriate under the circumstances presented. 
    4. Director actions and determination. The OMES director may hear the appeal or assign the supplier’s appeal to an Administrative Law Judge retained by the agency. 
      1. If the appeal is assigned to an Administrative Law Judge, the Administrative Law Judge shall review the appeal for legal authority and jurisdiction. If legal authority and jurisdictional requirements are met, the Administrative Law Judge shall conduct an administrative hearing and provide proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law to the OMES Director. 
      2. If the appeal is heard by the OMES Director, the OMES Director shall have all powers granted by law including all powers delegated to the Administrative Law Judge by this section. 
      3. The OMES Director shall send written notice of the final order sustaining or denying the supplier’s appeal to the parties. 
      4. The cost of actions necessary to process a supplier’s appeal, together with any other expenses incurred due to the appeal, shall be paid by the state agency responsible for the initial solicitation. 
    5. Conduct of administrative hearing. Administrative hearings shall be conducted in accordance with the Administrative Procedures Act and the following procedures: 
      1. Prehearing conference. A prehearing conference shall be scheduled to determine the legal or factual issues which shall be limited to those brought by the supplier in its initial protest to the State Purchasing Director. 
      2. Burden of proof. The burden of proof shall be upon the supplier, which must prove its case by a preponderance of the evidence. A preponderance of the evidence is that evidence which, in light of the record as a whole, leads the Administrative Law Judge to believe a fact is more probably true than not true. 
      3. Representation. Corporations must be represented by legal counsel in accordance with Oklahoma law. Legal counsel must be licensed or registered pursuant to the Rules Creating and Controlling the Oklahoma Bar Association. 
      4. Proper parties. In addition to the supplier protesting the contract award, OMES, the supplier awarded the contract and the state agency for which the bid was let may participate in the bid protest proceedings as a proper party. 
      5. Discovery. The conduct of discovery is governed by the Administrative Procedures Act, 75 O.S. §§ 309 et seq. and other applicable law. 
      6. Authority of the Administrative Law Judge. The Administrative Law Judge may: 
        1. Establish a scheduling order; 
        2. Establish reasonable procedures such as authorizing pleadings to be filed by facsimile or electronic mail; 
        3. Rule on all interlocutory motions; 
        4. Require briefing of any or all issues; 
        5. Conduct hearings; 
        6. Rule on the admissibility of all evidence; 
        7. Question witnesses; and 
        8. Make proposed findings of facts and conclusions of law to the OMES Director. 
      7. Remedies. The Administrative Law Judge may recommend that the OMES Director deny the supplier’s appeal or that the contract award be cancelled and rebid. 
    6. Supplier appeal of OMES Director decision to deny appeal. If the OMES Director denies a supplier’s appeal, the supplier may appeal pursuant to provisions of 75 O.S. §§ 309 et seq
  2. An agency making an acquisition pursuant to 74 O.S. §85.5(T) shall conduct all actions and bear all costs associated with the protest or appeal of a contract award. 

  1. Time of award. The State Purchasing Director shall not make a contract award at a bid opening. The contract award shall be made upon completion of the following: 
    1. bid evaluation; 
    2. documentation of evaluation on each bid; 
    3. determination of the lowest and best or best value bidder; 
    4. verification of Oklahoma and Federal debarment status; 
    5. verification, pursuant to applicable provisions of law, that the supplier is registered with the Secretary of State and franchise tax payment status pursuant to 68 O.S. §1203 and §1204, whenever the contract amount is Twenty-five Thousand Dollars ($25,000.00) or greater; 
    6. verification with the Oklahoma Tax Commission that the business entity to which the state contract is to be awarded, has obtained a sales tax permit pursuant to 68 O.S. §1364 if such entity is required to do so; 
    7. coordination of award with the requisitioning state agency, if applicable; and 
    8. completion of any administrative tasks. 
  2. Award by item. If a solicitation does not specify an all or none bid, the State Purchasing Director may award to more than one bidder by awarding contract by item or groups of items. 
  3. No contract award. A contract may not be awarded when: 
    1. The State Purchasing Director determines no bid meets the requirements of the solicitation. 
    2. The State Purchasing Director determines that all bids exceed fair market value for the acquisition. 
    3. The State Purchasing Director determines the bid price exceeds available state agency funds. 
    4. The State Purchasing Director determines the state agency no longer requires the acquisition in the form or manner the solicitation specifies. 
    5. The State Purchasing Director determines not awarding the contract to be in the best interest of the state. 
  4. Evaluation tie. Whenever it is determined that two or more bids are equal, the State Purchasing Director shall determine the successful bidder by a coin toss. 
  5. Notification of successful bidder. The State Purchasing Director shall notify the successful bidder within five (5) days of the contract award. 

Purchasing Reference Guide


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