Job discrimination against people with disabilities is illegal if practiced by:
- private employers
- state and local governments
- employment agencies
- labor organizations
- labor-management committees
The part of the ADA enforced by the EEOC outlaws job discrimination by:
- All employers, including state and local government employers with 15 or more employees after July 26, 1994.
Another part of the ADA, enforced by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), prohibits discrimination in state and local government programs and activities, including job discrimination by all state and local governments, regardless of the number of employees, after January 12, 1992.
Because the ADA gives responsibilities to both EEOC and DOJ for employment by state and local governments, these agencies will coordinate the federal enforcement effort. In addition, since some private and government employers are already covered by nondiscrimination and affirmative action requirements under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, EEOC, DOJ and the Department of Labor also will coordinate the enforcement effort under the ADA and the Rehabilitation Act.