340:50-5-1. Food benefit household composition
(a) Household definition. A food benefit household is composed of one of the persons or groups of persons listed in (1) - (3) of this subsection, unless otherwise specified in this Section. • 1 Per Section 273.1 of Title 7 of the Code of Federal Regulations, a food benefit household is a:
(1) person who lives alone;
(2) person or group of persons who lives with others, but customarily purchases food and prepares meals for home consumption separate and apart from the others; or • 2
(3) group of persons who lives together and customarily purchases food and prepares meals for home consumption.
(b) Required household combinations. Separate food benefit household status may not be granted to persons described in (1) through (4) of this subsection even if they customarily purchase food and prepare meals for home consumption separate and apart from the others. Persons living together that must be included in the food benefit household include:
(1) a spouse, ceremonial or common law, of a household member;
(2) children, 21 years of age and younger, who live with their natural or adoptive parent(s) or stepparent(s);
(3) children who are 17 years of age and younger and live with, and are under the parental control of, a household member other than their natural or adoptive parent(s) or stepparent(s).
(A) To be considered under parental control for the purposes of this provision, a child must be financially or otherwise dependent on a food benefit household member and not be defined as an adult. A minor may be considered emancipated when the district court confers upon the minor the rights of majority, per Chapter 4 of Title 10 of the Oklahoma Statutes.
(B) For this provision's purposes, the worker considers the child to be under parental control when he or she is financially or otherwise dependent on a household member. • 3
(C) This provision does not apply to foster children or children placed in the home by Developmental Disabilities Services; or
(4) persons who live together and customarily purchase and prepare meals together except, per (c) of this Section.
(c) Elderly and disabled persons. An otherwise eligible household member who is 60 years of age and older who is unable to purchase and prepare meals because he or she suffers from a disability considered permanent under the Social Security Act or a non-disease related, severe, permanent disability may be considered, together with his or her spouse, a separate household from the rest of the household.
(A) Separate household status must not be granted under this provision when the gross income of the others with whom the person and his or her spouse live exceeds 165 percent of the federal poverty level, per Oklahoma Human Services (OKDHS) Appendix C-3, Maximum Food Benefit Allotments and Standards for Income and Deductions, Table III.
(B) When it is not obvious that a person suffers from a non-disease related, severe, permanent disability, or that the person is unable to purchase and prepare meals, the worker requests a physician's statement of the disability or inability to purchase and prepare meals.
(C) Refer to Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 340:50-5-4 to determine if a person is considered disabled under the Social Security Act when a payment is not received.
(d) Periods of absence. A person who is away from the home for extended time periods during the month may be considered a food benefit household member when he or she returns to the home for part of each month. This includes persons who are away working, attending school, and similar situations.
(1) A person who attends a boarding school, including the state schools for the deaf and blind, is not considered institutionalized as long as he or she returns home on weekends and holidays.
(2) A child who lives with a parent on weekends and occasionally at other times may be claimed as part of the parent's food benefit household as long as the child is not included in another active food benefit household. In instances where both the father and mother of the child participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) during the same month, the parent who has the child the majority of the time is authorized to include the child in his or her SNAP household.
(e) Persons ineligible for SNAP food benefits. Persons who are ineligible to receive SNAP food benefits as separate households or as a member of any household include:
(1) certain non-household members as specified, per OAC 340:50-5-5;
(2) households or household members participating in a food distribution program operated by Indian tribal organizations, per OAC 340:50-5-7;
(3) residents of institutions, per OAC 340:50-5-7.1; and
(4) persons considered disqualified or ineligible, per OAC 340:50-5-10.1.
INSTRUCTIONS TO STAFF 340:50-5-1
1. Document in Family Assistance/Client Services (FACS) case notes those persons who are:
(1) included in the food benefit household; and
(2) not included in the food benefit household and the reason.
2. (a) A person under 60 years of age may be considered a separate household when the person's disability:
(1) prevents the person from purchasing and preparing his or her own food; and
(2) causes the person to arrange to have food purchased and prepared separately from those with whom he or she lives.
(b) The person may claim separate household status even if the person who shops for food or prepares meals for the person with disabilities resides in the same house.
(c) Refer to Oklahoma Administrative Code 340:50-5-5(a) for non-household members who may participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program as a separate household.
3. (a) When the adult provides financial support for the child, the worker must consider the relationship between the adult and child before determining if the adult exercises parental control over the child. Example: A 16-year-old girl lives with her 19-year-old boyfriend and there are no other adults in the home. Due to the nature of their relationship as a couple, there is no parental control. The 16-year-old is acting as an adult and can be considered head of her own household.
(b) Otherwise dependent means the adult provides guidance and exercises responsibility for the child as a parent does. Example: A 17-year-old boy lives with his aunt and she provides guidance and exercises responsibility for him. He cannot be considered a separate food benefit household even if she does not provide financial support.