COMMENT DUE DATE:
May 23, 2007
May 17, 2007
Mitzi Lee DCC (405) 521-3561
Dena Thayer PMU Manager (405) 521-4326
Dena Thayer PMU Manager (405) 521-4326
APA WF 07-11
The proposed policy is Emergency . This proposal will go to the Commission meeting on
CHAPTER 110. LICENSING SERVICES
Subchapter3. Licensing Standards for Child Care Facilities
Part 5.Requirements for Family Child Care Homes and Large Family Child Care Homes
OAC 340:110-3-81 through 110-3-82 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-84 through 110-3-88 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-89.1 through 110-3-91 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-91.1 [NEW]
OAC 340:110-3-92 through 110-3-94 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-97 through 110-3-97.1 [AMENDED]
(Reference APA WF 07-11)
SUMMARY:The proposed revisions to Subchapter 3of Chapter 110 amend the rules of licensing requirements for family child care homes and large family child care homes. The proposed revisions allow for increased health and safety requirements for children in licensed family child care homes and large family child care homes.Most critical revisions occur in the area of fire safety and qualifications of the primary caregiver.These revisions impact the daily environment where children are in care therefore improving the quality of care received and further insuring children’s safety.
EMERGENCY APPROVAL:Emergency rulemaking approval is requested as OKDHS finds an imminent peril to the preservation of the public health, safety or welfare as it relates to the safety of children in licensed family child care homes and large family child care homes.
AUTHORITY:Article XXV, Sections 2, 3, and 4 of the Oklahoma Constitution; and The Oklahoma Child Care Facilities Licensing Act, Section 401 et seq. of Title 10 of the Oklahoma Statutes.
OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES
Rule Impact Statement
To:Dena Thayer, Programs Manager
Policy Management Unit
Director of Child Care Services
Division of Child Care
Date:May 7, 2007
Re:CHAPTER 110. LICENSING SERVICES
Subchapter3. Licensing Standards for Child Care Facilities
Part 5.Requirements for Family Child Care Homes and Large Family Child Care Homes
OAC 340:110-3-81 through 110-3-82 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-84 through 110-3-88 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-89.1 through 110-3-91 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-91.1 [NEW]
OAC 340:110-3-92 through 110-3-94 [AMENDED]
OAC 340:110-3-97 through 110-3-97.1 [AMENDED]
Contact: Mitzi Lee,405-521-2556
A.Brief description of the purpose of the proposed rule:
Purpose.The proposed revisions to Subchapter 3of Chapter 110 amend the rules of Licensing Requirements for Family Child Care Homes and Large Family Child Care Homes.
Strategic Plan impact.The proposed rules achieve OKDHS goals by supporting and strengthening the family and protecting its members.
340:110-3-81 is amended to include revisions to definitions of an infant, primary caregiver, and toddler.
340:110-3-82 is amended to clarify Division practice as it relates to application, denial or revocation of a license.
340:110-3-84 is amended to clarify capacity of family child care homes, the obtaining of references on caregivers and the conditions of notifying licensing when specific events occur.
340:110-3-85 is amended to include increased qualifications, training and responsibilities of primary, assistant and substitute caregivers.Revisions also include limitations of inactive status of the primary caregiver and clarification of approval of dual foster care certifications.
340:110-3-86 is amended to increase space used routinely by children, staff-child ratio as it relates to swimming, supervision of animals, and development of emergency procedures in the event of a natural or man-made disaster.Revisions also clarify sanitation, lighting and fencing requirements.
340:110-3-87 is amended to clarify transportation requirements.
340:110-3-88 is amended to increase record information regarding caregivers and attendance of children in care.
340:110-3-89.1 is amended to increase information regarding the caregiver’s policy for parents.
340:110-3-90 is amended to increase practices of hand washing, disease control and safety of medication when administered by injections.
340:110-3-91 is amended to clarify appropriate media use for children.Revisions also include the movement of requirements relating to places to rest and sleeping environments to a separate requirement section.
340:110-3-91.1 is amended to clarify requirements relating to places to rest and sleeping environments.
340:110-3-92 is amended to increase positive guidance practices and to clarify prohibitive behavior and guidance practices.
340:110-3-93 is amended to clarify appropriate daily routines and bottle-feeding practices for infants, toddlers and two year olds.
340:110-3-94 is amended to include required second servings of food and to clarify food and nutrition practices.
340:110-3-97 is amended to prohibit security bars on homes unless equipped with proper release mechanisms, and use of second story for naptime of children.Revisions also include increase of the number of fire and tornado drills, smoke detector testing and requirement of an operable carbon monoxide detector.Clarification of exits and railings for steps was also provided.
340:110-3-97.1 is amended to require inspections by state or local fire official for large family child care homes licensed in mobile homes.Revisions also include increased qualifications of primary caregiver and substitute caregiver.
Reasons.The proposed revisions allow for increased health and safety requirements for children in licensed family child care homes and large family child care homes.Most critical revisions occur in the area of fire safety and qualifications of the primary caregiver. These revisions impact the daily environment where children are in care therefore improving the quality of care received and further insuring children’s safety.
Division is requesting an effective date of 11-01-07.This will allow for the revision, reprinting, and mailing of 3600 family child care home and large family child care home requirement books, revision of the monitoring report and the training of division licensing staff.
Repercussions. If the proposed revisions are not implemented there would be a negative impact to the health and safety of children in licensed family child care homes and large family child care homes.
Legal authority. :Article XXV, Sections 2, 3, and 4 of the Oklahoma Constitution; and the Oklahoma Child Care Facilities Licensing Act, Section 401 et seq. of Title 10 of the Oklahoma Statutes.
Emergency approval.Emergency rulemaking approval is requested as OKDHS finds an imminent peril to the preservation of the public health, safety or welfare as it relates to the safety of children in licensed family child care homes and large family child care homes.
B.A description of the classes of persons who most likely will be affected by the proposed rule, including classes that will bear the costs of the proposed rule, and any information on cost impacts received by the Agency from any private or public entities: The classes of persons most likely to be affected by the proposed rules are family child care homes, large family child care homes, children in care, parents utilizing these child care services, and Division of Child Care licensing staff. The affected classes of persons will bear no costs associated with implementation of the rules.
C.A description of the classes of persons who will benefit from the proposed rule: The classes of persons who will benefit are family child care homes, large family child care homes, children in care, parents utilizing these child care services, and Division of Child Care licensing staff.
D. A description of the probable economic impact of the proposed rule upon the affected classes of persons or political subdivisions, including a listing of all fee changes and, whenever possible, a separate justification for each: The revised rules do not have an economic impact on the affected entities. There are no fee changes associated with the revised rules.
E. The probable costs and benefits to the Agency and to any other agency of the implementation and enforcement of the proposed rule, the source of revenue to be used for implementation and enforcement of the proposed rule and any anticipated effect on state revenues, including a projected net loss or gain in such revenues if it can be projected by the Agency: The probable cost to OKDHS includes the cost of printing and distributing the rules in the form of requirement books, which is estimated to be approximately $15,000.Training of these revisions to Division of Child Care licensing staff will be provided by existing division staff.The revised rules will result in enhanced child care services to children and parents utilizing these child care services as well as enhanced services to the licensed family child care home or large family child care home.
F. A determination whether implementation of the proposed rule will have an impact on any political subdivisions or require their cooperation in implementing or enforcing the rule: The proposed rules do not have an economic impact on any political subdivision, nor will the cooperation of any political subdivisions be required in implementation or enforcement of the rules.
G.A determination whether implementation of the proposed rule will have an adverse economic effect on small business as provided by the Oklahoma Small Business Regulatory Flexibility Act: There are no anticipated adverse effects on small business as provided by the Oklahoma Small Business Regulatory Flexibility Act.
H.An explanation of the measures the Agency has taken to minimize compliance costs and a determination whether there are less costly or non-regulatory methods or less intrusive methods for achieving the purpose of the proposed rule: There are no less costly or nonregulatory methods or less intrusive methods for complying with these proposed state licensing requirements.
I.A determination of the effect of the proposed rule on the public health, safety, and environment and, if the proposed rule is designed to reduce significant risks to the public health, safety, and environment, an explanation of the nature of the risk and to what extent the proposed rule will reduce the risk: Implementation of the proposed rules will have a positive impact on the health, safety, and well-being of licensed family child care homes and large family child care homes, children and parents utilizing these child care services.
J.A determination of any detrimental effect on the public health, safety, and environment if the proposed rule is not implemented: If the proposed rules are not implemented, there would be a negative impact not only on the quality of services and care provided to children and their families by these licensed facilities but also on the direct health and safety of the children in care.
K.The date the rule impact statement was prepared and, if modified, the date modified: Prepared on May 7, 2007.
SUBCHAPTER 3. LICENSING STANDARDS FOR CHILD CARE FACILITIES
PART 5. REQUIREMENTS FOR FAMILY CHILD CARE HOMES AND LARGE FAMILY CHILD CARE HOMES
The following words and terms, when used in this Subchapter, have the following meaning, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Assistant caregiver" means a person at least 16 years of age who assists the caregiver in caring for children.
"Caregiver" means an individual who is licensed as a family child care home provider.
an individual under the age of a person younger than 18 years of age.
"Department" means the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS).
"Family child care home" means a family home
which that provides care and protection for seven or fewer children for part of the 24-hour day.
"Infant" means a child younger than 12 months of age.
"Large family child care home" means a residential family home that provides care and supervision for eight to twelve children for part of the
twenty-four 24-hour day.
"Parent" means any adult who is legally responsible for the child, such as a mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, aunt, uncle, or legal guardian.
"Primary caregiver" means the caregiver who is present in the child care home and is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the program.
"Substitute caregiver" means a person who is designated by the
licensed primary caregiver to provide substitute child care for short periods of time.
"Toddler" means a child 12 months up to 24 months of age.
Relatives Relative" means persons in relationships a person with the relationship, whether by marriage, blood, or adoption, of:
340:110-3-82. Necessity and issuance of license
(a) License required.No child care facility may be legally operated or maintained in the State of Oklahoma after June 20, 1964, unless licensed by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS).
(b) Application for license.
An application Application for a license is made on forms provided by the Department OKDHS and in the manner prescribed.
(c) License issued.In order to provide care for children in a child care facility, a license is obtained from OKDHS that is issued on the basis of meeting minimum requirements essential for the health, safety, and well-being of the children in care.
(1) The license granted applies to the ownership and location specified at the time of licensing.If ownership or location changes, OKDHS is notified.
(2) The license is not transferable.
(3) A provisional license may be issued to any applicant whose services are needed but who is temporarily unable to conform to all the rules and regulations.
All licenses are The license is in force for two years from date of issuance and are reissued biennially upon application until the facility closes or the license is revoked. The Department
(d) Application denied or license revoked.OKDHS may deny an application or revoke a license if the applicant or licensee
has violated violates any provision of this the Oklahoma Child Care Facilities Licensing Act, Section 401 et seq. of Title 10 of the Oklahoma Statutes. A license is not
(1) No application is denied or license revoked
or renewal refused unless the licensee has been is given 30 days notice in writing of the grounds of such for the proposed denial or revocation or refusal.
(2) If the denial or revocation
or refusal is protested in writing within 30 days of receipt of the written notice, a hearing is conducted at which time the licensee is given an the opportunity is given the licensee to present testimony. A provisional license may be issued to any applicant whose services are needed but who is temporarily unable to conform to all the rules and regulations. (c) In order to provide care for children in a child care facility, a license is obtained from the Department of Human Services which is issued on the basis of meeting minimum standards essential for the health and welfare of the children in care.The license granted applies to the ownership and location specified at the time of licensing.If either changes, the Department is notified. (d) The number of children specified on the license is the maximum number of children cared for in the facility at any one time. (e)(3) When the Department OKDHS denies an application or revokes a license, the caregiver is prohibited from operating a child care facility for a period of five years.sole proprietor, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, or responsible entity cannot make application for a new child care facility license within Oklahomaper OKDHS Appendix L-7:
(A) following notification to the agent of the application denial or license revocation;
(B) during the appeal process; and
(C) for five years following closure of the family child care home.
340:110-3-84. Ages and number of children
(a) Total number of children.The maximum number of children in care at one time, whether on or off the premises, does not exceed the number of children specified on the license.The total number of children in a family child care home is limited to seven
., The number which includes:
under younger than five years of age who live in the home and are present in the home while children are in care;
(2) foster children twelve years of age and younger who live in the home and are present in the home while children are in care; and
(3) the children of any substitute or assistant caregiver.
(b) One caregiver.
(1) When only one caregiver is present, the total number and ages of children that may be in care at any one time are:
(1) seven children, with no more than two children
under younger than two years of age;
(2) six children, with no more than three children
under younger than two years of age; or
(3) five children of any age.
For example: Examples of number and ages of children are presented in this paragraph.
|Total Number of Children in Care||Under 2 Years||2 Years and Older|
(c) Two caregivers.Two caregivers must be present and providing care when:
(1) seven children are in care and more than two children are under two years of age; or
(2) six children are in care and more than three children are
under younger than two years of age.
(d) Additional staff provisions are made for enrollment of children with disabilities who require individual attention.
340:110-3-85. Requirements for caregivers
(a) Responsibilities of caregivers.Responsibilities of caregivers are outlined in
(1) - (12) of this subsection.
(1) Primary caregiver. The primary caregiver is present in the home at least 80 percent of weekly operating hours and is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the program.The sole proprietor must be the primary caregiver.
12) Care and supervision.The licensed caregiver provides care and supervision of children at all times, both indoors and outdoors.Supervision of children means the function of observing, overseeing, and guiding a child or group of children ., This includes including:
(A) awareness of and responsibility for the ongoing activity of each child and being near enough to intervene if needed; and
(B) frequent observation of children in cribs and playpens.
23) Supervision of outdoor play.In addition to the requirements in ( 12) of this subsection, the caregiver remains outdoors with children at all times to ensure their safety when:
(A) there is a potentially hazardous situation, such as a pool on the premises or a trampoline in the outdoor play area;
(B) there is access to a dog(s) outdoors;
(C) there are children three years of age or younger present; or
(D) the outdoor area is not completely fenced.
34) Supervision of overnight care.If children are in care overnight and more than one caregiver is required due to the ages and number of children present, at least one caregiver must be awake at all times.
45) Assistant and substitute caregivers.If the primary caregiver employs an individual a person to assist with the care of children or to provide care and supervision in his or her the primary caregiver's absence, the primary caregiver ensures that the assistant or substitute caregiver is qualified and understands and complies with requirements.
(A) Required records.Prior to employment, a staff information form provided by Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) is completed and three references are verified.References from relatives are not accepted.Personnel records on all assistant and substitute caregivers are maintained at the home and made available to licensing staff upon request.
AB) Assistant caregiver.If an assistant caregiver is employed to meet the required staff to child ratio, he or she the assistant caregiver must be a responsible, mature, healthy individual person at least 16 years of age.The caregiver is prohibited from leaving children alone in the care of anyone under any person younger than 18 years of age.
BC) Substitute caregiver.A substitute caregiver, at least 18 years of age, is available to provide care for short periods of time in the absence of the caregiver.
(i) The substitute caregiver may be used in emergency situations and occasionally in non-emergency situations.In non-emergency situations, the caregiver must notify parents in advance that the substitute will be caring for their child at these times.
(ii) The name, address, and telephone number of the substitute is provided to
the Department OKDHS and is posted with the other required emergency numbers in the family child care home.
56) Realistic expectations.The caregiver demonstrates a capacity for setting realistic expectations for behavior and performance based on the age, abilities, and special needs of the children.
67) Constructive influence.The caregiver's family members and others living in the home accept the child care children in care and provide constructive influence.There must be indication of a stable and harmonious home life.
78) Hazards.The caregiver recognizes and acts to correct hazards to children's safety, both indoors and outdoors.
89) Child abuse reporting.The primary caregiver, assistant caregiver, and substitute caregiver immediately report any suspicion of child abuse or neglect to the local OKDHS office of the Department of Human Services or the Statewide Child Abuse Hotline, (1-800-522-3511 ).Failure to report is a misdemeanor offense and upon conviction is punishable by law.
910) Notification of Licensing Services.The primary caregiver notifies Licensing Services:
(A) within 24 hours of the death of a child in care;
(B) within 24 hours of any accident involving transportation
or unless there were no injuries and only minor damage to the vehicles;
(C) within 24 hours of any injury to a child requiring emergency medical attention;
CD) within 24 hours of any remodeling, changes, or damage to the physical facility that affect compliance with any requirement; (DE) within 24 hours of any known arrest, criminal investigation, criminal charges, or child abuse investigations involving individuals persons who live in the home, provide care, or assist with the care of children;
(F) within 24 hours of any legal action against a caregiver that involves or affects a child in care or the operation of the family child care home;
EG) within 24 hours if when an animal bites a child and the skin is broken;
FH) within five days of any individual who when a person moves into the home; and
GI) at least 30 days in advance of a move from one residence to another unless an emergency exists.The new home must comply with minimum licensing requirements.
1011) Posting of license.The permit or license is displayed in the home.
1112) Other employment.The caregiver is prohibited from conducting business in the home during the hours children are in care.The primary caregiver is not employed outside the home during the hours of child care.
1213) Foster care.The caregiver may not provide therapeutic foster care.The caregiver may not provide foster care without the only with prior written approval of the Department from OKDHS, Division of Child Care (DCC) for each child placement.
(A) The written approval includes the number and ages of foster children.
The licensing representative is notified within 24 hours of the placement of any new foster child in the home.
(B) Foster children 12 years of age and younger are counted in the capacity of the family child care home.
(14) Inactive care.A primary caregiver is determined to be in inactive status when care has not been provided for more than 90 consecutive days.
(A) Prior to resuming care, the caregiver must notify OKDHS Licensing Services to verify compliance with family child care home requirements.
(B) If care has not been provided for more than 12 consecutive months, the family child care home is closed and must reapply and be approved for a license prior to resuming care.
(b) Qualifications of caregivers.Qualifications of caregivers are described in
(1) - (3) of this subsection:
(1) General.The caregiver is a responsible, mature, healthy adult
, at least 18 years of age, who is capable of understanding and complying with minimum licensing requirements and meeting the needs of the children in care.The caregiver demonstrates good judgment, as evidenced by prudent and responsible behavior that reasonably ensures the health, safety, and well-being of children in care.
(A) Primary caregivers applying for a license after November 1, 2007 are at least 21 years of age.
(B) Primary caregivers applying for a license after November 1, 2007 have obtained a high school diploma or GED.
(C) All caregivers left alone with children have the ability to read and write for keeping required records, reading the licensing requirements, and administering medication.
(D) All caregivers cooperate with licensing staff during monitoring visits and OKDHS investigations.
(2) Health.The requirements relating to the health of the caregiver, assistant caregiver and members of the household are contained in (A) - (D) of this paragraph.
(A) General health.
The caregiver All caregivers and all members of the householdwhere licensed care is provided must be in good physical, mental, and emotional health.If it is reported or observed that the a caregiver or a family household member has a physical, mental, or emotional condition that could negatively impact the care of children, a physician's statement is requested.
(B) Tuberculosis testing.The need for tuberculin skin testing of employees is based upon a local identified tuberculosis exposure, the degree of risk of transmission of latent tuberculosis infection, the impact to public health and safety, and the specific recommendations of the Oklahoma State Department of Health.
(C) Immunizations.There is documentation verifying that all children living in the home have or are in the process of obtaining the required immunizations at the medically appropriate time.The schedule for required immunizations is found in Supplement IX of
DHS publication OKDHS Publication No. 86-104, Licensing Requirements for Family Child Care Homes and Large Family Child Care Homes.
(3) References.The primary caregiver submits to child care licensing the names of three references other than relatives, which may include a personal or family physician.
(c) Background investigations and restrictions for caregivers.The requirements for background investigations and restrictions for caregivers are contained in paragraphs (1) - (6).
(1) Criminal history investigations.
(A) Criminal history investigations are required for:
(i) all adults living in the home; and
(ii) each substitute and assistant caregiver, prior to caring for children.
(B) Criminal history investigations are not required for:
(i) persons who have documentation of a criminal history investigation within the last 12 months;
(ii) provider's children who become 18 years of age during continuous residence in the home; and
(iii) a parent volunteer who transports children on an irregular basis.
(C) Criminal history investigations must be obtained from:
(i) the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI); and
(ii) the appropriate agency in the previous state of residence if the
individual person has resided in Oklahoma less than one year.
(D) The OSBI report must include a search of the Department of Corrections
' files maintained by the OSBI pursuant to the Sex Offenders Registration Act.
(2) Child abuse registry check.A child abuse registry check is conducted on all
individuals persons who sign the license application.A confirmed allegation of child abuse or neglect is considered when evaluating the qualifications of the applicant and the safety and well-being of the children in care.
Individuals Persons who have pending charges or are convicted of or enter a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, no contest, to certain crimes cannot be licensed to care for children, live in a family child care home, provide care for children, or be a substitute or assistant caregiver, or be on the premises when children are in care.Those crimes include:
(A) violence against a person;
(B) child abuse or neglect;
(C) possession, sale, or distribution of illegal drugs;
(D) sexual misconduct;
(E) gross irresponsibility or disregard for the safety of others;
(F) animal cruelty; and
(F) a pattern of criminal activity.
(4) Request for waiver.A primary caregiver may request a waiver from the requirement described in paragraph (3).A waiver may not be requested or granted to any person who has been convicted of a sex offense pursuant to the Sex Offenders Registration Act.[50 O.S. § 581]
(A) The waiver request is made in writing to
the Department OKDHS and considered by the statewide licensing coordinator in the Division of Child Care licensing services.
(B) The person for whom the waiver is requested cannot be on the premises when children are in care while a decision is pending.
(C) The person for whom the waiver has been denied cannot be on the premises when children are in care.
(5) Endangerment of children.A person whose health or behavior would endanger the health, safety or well-being of children is not permitted to live in the home or be on the premises when children are in care.
(6) Alcohol, drugs, medication.
No When children are in care, no caregiver is under the effects influence of:
(A) alcohol or illegal drugs; or
which that impairs functioning when children are in care.
(d) Training requirements.
Training requirements for caregivers are contained in (1) - (2) of this subsection.
(1) General.The primary caregiver is required to complete
24 clock hours of training every two years by obtaining 12 clock hours of training annually through workshops, formal training, videos, or individual job-related readings.Annually, no more than six hours of videos or individual job-related readings is counted toward the required 12 hours.
(2) CPR and first aid training.Prior to issuance of initial permit, the primary caregiver and any person who cares for children alone must have documentation, which is maintained by the caregiver at the facility, of current completed training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), including infant and child, and first aid.
(A) CPR training must be conducted by a person certified as an instructor through the:
(i) American Red Cross;
(ii) EMS Safety Services;
(iii) Emergency Care and Safety Institute;
(iv) American Heart Association or American Heart sponsored CPR for Family and Friends; or
(v) American Safety and Health Institute.
(B) First aid training must be conducted by a person certified as a first aid instructor, or a health professional using a curriculum from an OKDHS approved source, through:
(i) EMSC First Care,
(ii) American Red Cross;
(iii) EMS Safety Services,
(iv) Emergency Care and Safety Institute;
(v) American Heart Association,
(vi) American Safety and Health Institute;
(vii) American Academy of Pediatrics First Aid for Caregivers and Teachers (PedFACTs); or
(viii) other OKDHS approved source.
23) Health and safety training.Within six months of application, the primary caregiver obtains training in:
(A) disease and injury prevention measures;
(B) use of a fire extinguisher; and
(C) health and safety issues, including:
(i) shaken baby syndrome;
(ii) sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS);
(iii) car seat safety;
(iv) safeguarding the home;
(vi) the definition, identification, and mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect; and
(vii) behavior and guidance methods.
(D) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), including infant and child, and first aid. (i) CPR training must be conducted by an individual certified as an instructor through the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association. (ii) First aid courses must be conducted by EMSC First Care, the American Red Cross, the National Safety Council or other DHS approved source. (iii) The individual conducting the first aid course must be certified as a first aid instructor or be a health professional using a curriculum from a DHS approved source. (iv) Documentation of current completed training in CPR and first aid is maintained by the caregiver.
340:110-3-86. Home environment
(a) Physical conditions.
(1) Accessibility to licensing staff.All areas of the home are accessible to licensing staff.
(2) Indoor space.There is minimum indoor space available for routine use by children in child care of not less than 35 square feet per child exclusive of hallways, bathrooms, kitchen, and space not intended for children's use.Rooms used exclusively for napping are not counted toward the capacity.
(3) Maintenance.The home is in a good state of repair and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition, with operable utilities.
(4) Toilet facilities.The home has:
(A) a sink with
hot and cold comfortably warm or tempered running water and with the temperature not to exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit;
(B) an operable toilet available for children's use;
(C) soap for hand-washing and individual use towels; and
(D) toilet paper within easy reach of children.
(5) Hazards.The premises are free of hazards, indoor and out.
(A) All medicines, cleaning products, hazardous items, and smoking materials are inaccessible to children.
(B) The premises are free of illegal drugs and paraphernalia.
(C) Clear glass doors are plainly marked at the child's eye level to avoid accidental impact.
(D) All stairways with four or more steps have
railings a railing.Indoor stairways are made inaccessible when infants and toddlers are in care.
(6) Weapons.All weapons are stored unloaded in a locked container, cabinet, or closet.Ammunition is stored in a locked area separate from weapons.
(7) Trampolines.The use of trampolines by children in care is prohibited.
(8) Lighting and ventilation.Rooms used by children are
well-lighted lighted enough to accommodate activities with comfort and allow the caregiver to see children’s facial features at all times. Rooms used by children are and ventilated.
(9) Tobacco products.When children are in care, smoking is prohibited inside the home and in the presence of children.Other tobacco products are not used in the presence of children or in areas designated for children's use.Parents are informed upon enrollment of the presence of smokers in the home.
(10) Indoor temperature.The indoor temperature is maintained between 65 and
85 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
(11) Screens.When windows or doors are kept open, screens are maintained to minimize the entry of insects.
(12) Outdoor play
area safety.There is an outdoor play area on the premises of not less than 75 square feet per child.
(A) This area must be hazard free, away from traffic, water, and other dangers.
(B) A fence beginning at ground level that is in good repair is required
in most instances. The Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS ) may grant an exception when the safety of children can be assured ensured.
(13) Children play outdoors daily when weather conditions do not pose a significant health risk.
1314) Fire safety.The home complies with all fire safety requirements ., per [OAC 340:110-3-97 ].
1415) Water supply and waste disposal.Water supply, sewage disposal, and solid waste disposal meet local city ordinances and Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality regulations.
1516) Water testing.When not on a public water supply, water is tested initially and annually for lead, and annually for bacteria, and nitrates. (1617) Questionable conditions.If the fire, safety, or health conditions are questionable, the appropriate state or local agency is requested to inspect the home.
(b) Water safety.
(1) Supervision.Any play activity that involves water is supervised constantly.
(2) Accessibility of ponds, pools, and hot tubs.No ponds, pools, or hot tubs are left accessible to children.
(3) Fencing.Pools are fenced to prevent unsupervised access.All doors and gates leading to the pool are locked.There is:
(A) a sturdy fence at least four feet high that cannot be easily climbed; or
(B) a fence
which that connects to the top of an above-ground pool and extends two feet above the pool.
(4) Wading pools.The use of portable wading pools is prohibited.
(5) Swimming.In accordance with
state Oklahoma law, swimming pools used by the child care home are considered public bathing places and must be in compliance with the water quality, occupancy, and fencing standards in Design Standards and Operational Criteria for Public Bathing Places, Oklahoma State Department of Health Engineering Bulletin.This includes wading pools, water parks, in-ground pools, and above-ground pools.When children swim in a pool:
(A) the caregiver is at or in the water and is appropriately dressed to enter the water at any time;
(B) a person with a Community Water Safety Certificate or a comparable certificate as approved by OKDHS is in attendance at all times; and
(C) the adult to child ratio for:
(i) infants and toddlers is one adult to one child.This adult is not counted in any other adult-child ratios.The adults remain in direct physical contact with infants at all times during swimming or wading; and
(ii) children two years and older is in accordance with OAC 340:110-3-84(a) through (d) for family child care homes and 340:110-3-97.1(e) for large family child care homes.When four or more children are two years of age through three years of age, one additional adult is required.
(A) The use of hot tubs by children in care is prohibited.The hot tub must be equipped with a hard cover.
(B) Swimming and wading is not permitted at a lake, pond, or other body of water.
(c) Animals and household pets.
Potential patrons Patrons are advised of the presence of animals.
(2) Animals are in good health, do not show evidence of carrying disease, are friendly
toward children, and do not present a threat to the health, safety, and well‑being of children.
(3) All contact between animals and children is supervised by a caregiver who is close enough to remove the child immediately if the animal shows signs of distress or the child shows signs of treating the animal inappropriately.
34) There is documentation Documentation of current rabies vaccinations administered by a licensed veterinarian for dogs and kept is filed on the premises.
45) Ferrets, turtles, and any wild or dangerous animals are kept in an area that is inaccessible to children.
56) Reptiles, such as crocodiles, alligators, poisonous snakes and lizards, pythons, and boa constrictors, are not kept on the premises.
67) Animals are restricted from areas where food is prepared or served and from children's sleeping surfaces.
78) Animal litter boxes are not located in food preparation areas and are not easily accessible to children in other areas of the home.
89) Outdoor play areas are cleaned of animal waste before children play outside.
910) If an animal bites a child and the skin is broken, the child's parent is contacted immediately.The licensing representative staff and the county or state department of health are notified within 24 hours.
(d) Emergency procedures.The caregiver is familiar with emergency procedures.
(1) There is a planned source of medical care, such as a hospital emergency room, clinic, or other medical facility or physician acceptable to parents.
(2) The caregiver has emergency transportation available.
(3) The home has an operable telephone.Emergency information posted next to the telephone includes:
(A) address of the home;
(B) physician or clinic;
(C) fire department;
(D) police department;
(E) poison control, 1-800-222-1222; and
(F) substitute caregiver.
(4) First aid supplies are available in the home but made inaccessible to children.Supplies include:
(B) disposable nonporous gloves;
(C) blunt-tipped scissors;
(E) bandage tape;
(F) sterile gauze;
(G) non-medicated adhesive strips; and
(H) current standard first aid text or equivalent first aid guide
; and (I) syrup of ipecac, which is: (i) used as a vomiting agent only under direction of the poison control center or a physician; (ii) not used before checking the expiration date to ensure it has not expired; and (iii) labeled with the telephone number for the poison control center.
(5) Fire and tornado drills are conducted
quarterly monthly.A record of the drills is maintained at the home.
(6) The primary caregiver has a written plan for reporting and protecting from outside threats, and evacuating in case of fire, flood, tornado, blizzard, power failure, or other natural or man-made disaster that could create structural damage to the facility or pose health hazards.
(e) Overnight care.Overnight care can only be provided by a caregiver who is licensed at his/her primary residence.
(a) Driver qualifications.All drivers must:
(1) be at least 21 years old;
(2) have an operator's license of the type appropriate for the vehicle that is valid in the driver's state of residence;
(3) have no conviction within the last three years of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or other impaired driving offense; and
(4) if driving a vehicle designed to transport ten or more passengers, complete training specific to the safe operation of that type of vehicle within three months of providing transportation to children.
(b) Written permission.The primary caregiver maintains on file written permission from the parent or guardian to transport children.
(c) Verifications.The vehicle is covered by liability insurance.
(d) Records.The driver is provided the names of the children being transported and a method to contact the children's parents or guardians in case of an emergency.
(e) Passenger restraints.Children transported are properly secured in a child passenger restraint system (car seat) or individual seat belt, in compliance with applicable state law, per Section 11-1112 of Title 47 of Oklahoma Statutes.
(1) The car seat is:
(A) federally approved;
(B) installed according to the manufacturer's instructions;
(C) appropriate to the height, weight, and physical condition of the child, according to the manufacturer's instructions; and
(D) properly maintained.
(2) Each seat belt:
(A) is properly anchored to the vehicle; and
(B) fits snugly across the child's hips or securely anchors the car seat.
(3) Children age 12 years and younger are prohibited from sitting in the front seat of an airbag equipped passenger vehicle unless an airbag cut off switch is installed and activated or if the vehicle has airbags equipped with weight sensitive devices.If a child 12 years of age or younger must be placed in front of an air bag, because all other positions are taken, it must be a child whose age and weight requires a forward facing harness seat.
(f) Vehicle requirements.All vehicles used to transport children have:
(1) door locks.Doors are kept locked when the vehicle is moving;
(2) a first aid kit as described in OAC 340:110-3-86(d)(4); and
(3) an operable heater, capable of maintaining a temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit in the vehicle, and a ventilation system.
(g) Supervision and safety.
(1) Children are never left unattended
in the vehicle.
(2) Safe conduct to and from all vehicles and safe off-street loading space is provided to protect children from:
(A) backing vehicles;
(B) being between vehicles; and
(C) all traffic hazards.
(a) General requirements.Children's records are kept on forms provided by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) or on forms containing the same information.Records are kept current and easily accessible.OKDHS staff is allowed access to all records.
(b) Caregiver records.Records on all caregivers, including the primary caregiver, assistant caregivers, and substitute caregivers, are completed and maintained at the home.Records include:
(1) staff information forms provided by OKDHS;
(2) criminal history investigations with records maintained in a confidential manner;
(3) documentation of training; and
(4) attendance records for each caregiver that reflect days and hours worked and that are maintained on file for 120 days.
bc) Identification and health records.Identification and health records include:
(1) the child's name, date of birth, name of parent(s), home address, parents' place of employment, and telephone numbers;
(2) the names and telephone numbers of responsible persons to contact in an emergency if a parent cannot be located promptly;
(3) permission of a parent authorizing the caregiver to transport the child to emergency medical care;
(4) names and relationships of persons authorized to pick up the child;
(5) health information, including record of immunizations;
(6) name, address, and telephone number of the child's physician;
(7) medication and transportation permission, if applicable; and
(8) date child began care.
cd) Attendance records.Daily attendance records, including arrival and departure times, are maintained for each child and kept maintained on file a minimum of 120 days.
340:110-3-89.1. Parent communication
(a) Policy.A written statement of the caregiver’s business policy is provided to parents, including:
(1) days and hours of operation, including the holidays the program is closed;
(2) procedure for:
(A) receiving and releasing a child from care, including a method of verifying the identity of a caller or person who picks up a child;
(B) notifying parents if a concern exists when a child does not arrive as scheduled;
(C) handling illness and injuries;
(D) storing and administering children’s medication;
(E) notifying parents of field trips; and
(F) transporting children;
(3) care of ill children;
(4) mandatory reporting of child abuse or neglect; and
(5) behavior and guidance policy.
ab) Well-being of the child.The caregiver informs parents of the child's physical and emotional well-being.
bc) Department publication OKDHS child care information. The Department's publication Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) Publication No. 87-91, "The ABC’s of Parent’s Guide to Selecting Quality Child Care Parent Handbook, " is made available to parents upon their child's enrollment. (c) Care of ill children.The caregiver advises parents of his or her policy regarding care of ill children.
(d) Access to the home.Parents are provided access to all areas of the home used for child care during the hours that children are in care.
340:110-3-90. Child health
(a) Immunizations.Children have or are in the process of obtaining all required immunizations at the medically appropriate time.Supplement IX of
DHS publication Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) Publication No. 86‑104, Licensing Requirements for Family Child Care Homes and Large Family Child Care Homes, contains a list of the required immunizations and the recommended immunization schedule.
The requirements for medication are contained in (1) - (45) of this subsection.
(1) Original container.Medications must be provided by the parent in the original container and clearly labeled with the child's name and directions.
(2) Parental permission.Medication is accompanied with written dated permission from the parent giving the exact dosage and times to be administered.
(3) Records.To avoid duplication, each dosage administered is recorded by the caregiver and the record is readily available to parents.
(4) Storage.All medications are properly stored separately from food and kept in a safe place out of children's reach.
(5) Medication injections.When medication is administered by injection, the requirements in this paragraph apply.
(A) Syringes, needles, and lancets are only used one time.
(B) Approved sharps containers are used for any medical waste that is sharp or could cause a cut or wound.Examples include syringes, needles, and lancets used to administer insulin or test blood sugar.
(C) When the container is full, arrangements for disposal are made with the local pharmacy, county health department, or personal physician.
(c) Ill children.
The requirements for the care of ill children are contained in (1) - (3) of this subsection.
(1) Contagious illness.Any child showing symptoms of contagious illness is separated from the group.
(2) Disease control.The local or state health department is notified upon discovery of any case of hepatitis, meningitis, Shigellosis, Giardiasis, measles, rubella, whooping cough, tuberculosis, E coli 0157:H7, Salmonellosis, or any Haemophilus influenza invasive disease in any person associated with the family child care home.
23) Notification of parents.Parents of the ill child are notified as symptoms develop or change.
34) Decision to provide care.When symptoms of illness are present, the primary caregiver determines whether or not to provide care for the child, depending based upon the apparent degree of illness, other children present, and facilities available to provide care for the ill child.
The requirements addressing cleanliness are contained in (1) - (3) of this subsection.
(1) Handwashing - caregivers.Caregivers wash their hands with soap and
warm running water:
(A) prior to food preparation
(B) before feeding children, or eating
(C) after diapering or toileting
(D) after touching or cleaning up body fluids, including wiping noses
(E) after handling or feeding pets.
(2) Handwashing - children.Caregivers ensure that children wash their hands with soap and running water:
(A) before eating;
(B) after toileting;
(C) after handling pets;
(D) after playing outdoors; and
(E) after wiping their noses.
(3) Handwashing supplies.Soap and clean individual or paper towels are easily accessible to the caregiver and children for handwashing.
(4) Children's clothing.A child’s clothing is changed immediately following a toileting accident or in other situations when clothing becomes unsanitary.Soiled clothing is placed in a sealed, moisture-proof bag and sent home.
340:110-3-91. Daily routine and equipment
(a) Program.The caregiver provides a balanced program of opportunities for learning, indoor and outdoor play, rest periods, and meals.
Television and videos Media use.Television, and videos, computers, and video games, if used, are age-appropriate and suitable for children used with discretion and selectivity.
(c) Play equipment.A variety of indoor and outdoor play equipment that meets the varied developmental needs and interests of children in care is readily accessible.
(1) Equipment must be available from the categories of:
(A) art supplies;
(C) large muscle equipment;
(D) musical equipment;
(E) blocks and accessories;
(F) dramatic play materials;
(G) manipulative toys; and
(H) science materials.
(2) Equipment is maintained in good working condition and is clean, safe, and free from rough edges, sharp corners, pinch and crush points, splinters, and exposed nails or bolts.
(3) Outdoor equipment, such as swings, slides, and climbing apparatus
are is not located on a hard surface.
(4) Equipment not designed to be portable is anchored firmly to the ground.
(5) All equipment is placed in a safe location.
(d) Tables and chairs.Tables and chairs that ensure children's safety and comfort are provided for meals and snacks.
(e) Place to rest.Each child has an appropriately-sized, individual place to rest, such as a crib, playpen, bed, cot, or mat, with clean individual bedding.The place to rest is maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and in good repair.Waterbeds, sofas, soft mattresses, pillows, beanbag chairs, and other soft surfaces are prohibited as infant sleeping surfaces. (f) Mats.Mats are not used for overnight care.When used for napping, each mat is: (1) at least two inches thick and covered with a fitted, durable, washable, waterproof material; and (2) only used on clean carpeted surfaces. (g) Cribs, playpens.A crib, port-a-crib or playpen with a firm waterproof mattress or pad is used for each child under one year of age. (h) Crib, port-a-crib and playpen safety features.Safety features for cribs, port-a-cribs and playpens are described in (1) - (4) of this subsection. (1) Cribs, port-a-cribs and playpens with more than 2 and 3/8 inches between slats or between the side and end panels are not allowed. (2) Cribs with decorative cutout areas in crib-end panels or tall decorative knobs on the corner posts, which can entrap a child's head or catch his clothing, are not allowed. (3) Mattresses must be tight-fitting with no more than one inch between the mattress and crib.Crib sheets fit the mattress snugly. (4) Drop-side latches hold sides securely and are not accessible by the child in the crib. (5) Pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, stuffed toys, bumper pads, and other soft products are not permitted in infant cribs or playpens. (i) Sleep positioning.The following sleep positioning is required: (1) To reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), infants under 12 months of age are placed on their back for sleeping unless there is a medical reason why the infant should not sleep in this position as documented by a doctor.This documentation is maintained at the facility. (2) Infants who are able to turn themselves over are placed initially on their back for sleeping but allowed to sleep in a position they prefer.
340:110-3-91.1. Rest time
(a) Place to rest.
(1) Each child has an appropriately sized, individual place to rest, such as a crib, playpen, bed, cot, or mat, with clean individual bedding.The place to rest is maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and in good repair.
(2) Waterbeds, sofas, soft mattresses, bassinettes, stacked cribs, pillows, beanbag chairs, and other soft surfaces are prohibited as infant sleeping surfaces.
(b) Mats.Mats are not used for overnight care.When used for napping, each mat is:
(1) at least two inches thick and covered with a fitted, durable, washable, waterproof material; and
(2) only used on clean carpeted surfaces.
(c) Cribs and playpens.A crib, port-a-crib, or playpen with a firm waterproof mattress or pad and a tight-fitting sheet is used for each child younger than one year of age.
(d) Crib, port-a-crib, and playpen safety features.
(1) Cribs, port-a-cribs, and playpens with more than 2 and 3/8 inches between slats or between the side and end panels are not allowed.
(2) Cribs with decorative cutout areas in crib-end panels or tall decorative knobs on the corner posts, that can entrap the child's head or catch the child's clothing, are not allowed.
(3) Mattresses must be tight-fitting with no more than one inch between the mattress and crib.
(4) Drop-side latches hold sides securely and are not accessible by the child in the crib.
(5) Pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, stuffed toys, bumper pads, and other soft products are not permitted in infant cribs, playpens, or port-a-cribs.
(e) Sleep positioning.
(1) To reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), infants younger than 12 months of age are placed on their back for sleeping unless there is a medical reason documented by a doctor, the infant should not sleep in this position.Documentation is maintained at the facility.
(2) Infants who are able to turn themselves over are placed initially on their back for sleeping but allowed to sleep in a position they prefer.
(3) Children’s heads and faces are not covered.
Guidance Behavior and discipline guidance
(a) Positive guidance.Discipline is constructive and educational in nature and appropriate to the child's age and circumstances.The caregiver:
(1) recognizes and encourages acceptable behavior;
(2) teaches by example and uses fair and consistent rules in a relaxed atmosphere with discipline that is relevant to the child's behavior;
(3) supervises with an attitude of understanding and firmness;
(4) redirects children by stating alternatives when behavior is unacceptable;
(5) when necessary, intervenes as quickly as possible to ensure the safety of all children;
(6) gives clear directions and provides guidance appropriate to the child’s level of understanding;
(7) speaks so that children understand that they and their feelings are acceptable but unacceptable action or behavior is not;
(8) encourages children to control their own behavior, cooperate with others, and solve problems by talking things out;
(9) uses safe, natural, and logical consequences to address inappropriate behavior; and
(10) uses "time-out" periods only as necessary
and not over to enable the child to gain control of himself or herself.Time-out periods do not exceed five minutes for pre-school age children.No more than one minute of time-out for each year of a child's age is recommended.Time-out periods are not required to be completed should the child regain control.
(b) Acts prohibited.The caregiver is prohibited from:
(1) subjecting children to punishment of a physical nature, such as shaking, striking, spanking, biting, swatting, thumping, pinching, popping, shoving, spatting, yanking, hair pulling, slamming, excessive exercise, or any cruel treatment that may cause pain;
(2) subjecting children to punishment of a psychological nature, such as humiliation, making derogatory or sarcastic remarks about them or their families, or using harsh or profane language, or making actual or implied threats of physical punishment;
(3) punishing or threatening children in association with food, rest, or toilet learning;
(4) putting anything in or on a child's mouth as punishment;
(5) seeking or accepting parental permission to use any punishment or act prohibited by
the requirements contained in this subsection;
(6) restraining a child by any means other than holding. The child is only held as long as is necessary for the child to regain control;
(7) isolating a child without supervision or placing the child in a dark area;
(8) permitting a child to discipline other children; and
(9) punishing an entire group due to the actions of a few children.
and toddlers, and two-year-olds
(a) Responding to needs.The caregiver holds, cuddles, talks to, and sings to infants and toddlers and understands and responds to their particular needs.
(b) Daily routine.The daily routine is adapted to the individual needs of each infant and toddler and fits as much as possible into the schedule set up by the parent.
(1) The daily schedule is accessible and followed with reasonable regularity.
(2) Children are not left for more than 30 minutes while awake in playpens, swings, high chairs, or stationary activity centers.
(c) Bottle-feeding.Bottles are not propped by any means at any time.
(1) Infants up to the age of six months are held while bottle-fed.
(2) Infants of more than six months are held while bottle-fed until they are able to hold their own bottle securely.
(3) Children are not given bottles in cribs or moving swings due to increased risk of choking, ear infections, and tooth decay.
(4) Breast milk is refrigerated or frozen until immediately before feeding.
(5) Bottles of premixed formula are refrigerated until immediately before feeding.
(6) Unused breast milk or formula left in the bottle after feeding is disposed of.
(7) Bottles of formula or breast milk are not warmed in a microwave oven.
(d) Diaper-changing.Diapers are changed promptly when wet or soiled.
(1) A clean
non-porous nonporous surface or pad is used for diaper changes and sanitized after each use.Care is taken to prohibit prevent spread of germs.
(2) Caregivers wash their hands thoroughly with soap and warm running water after each diaper change.
(e) Availability and disposal of diapers.
There are sufficient Sufficient quantities of clean diapers are available. and provision for disposal in a
(2) A closed container
when for soiled diapers is provided and used.
(f) Toilet learning.Toilet learning is a relaxed, pleasant activity.
(1) The caregiver shares the child's toilet learning progress
shared with the parent.
(2) Training pants or underwear are changed promptly when wet or soiled.
(3) Fecal content may be disposed of in a toilet, but soiled diapers or training pants are not rinsed in the toilet.
(g) Potty chairs. Potty chairs are emptied and sanitized after each use.
340:110-3-94. Food and nutrition
(a) Daily requirement.
Children A child remaining in the family child care home for longer than a four-hour period are is served a balanced meal that provides at least one‑third of the child's total daily nutritive requirement.The minimum meal pattern for children can be is found in Supplement VI of DHS publication Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) Publication No. 86-104, Licensing Requirements for Family Child Care Homes and Large Family Child Care Homes.
(b) Snacks.Snacks are provided
both at mid-morning and mid-afternoon when the interval between regular meals is four hours or longer.
(c) Provision of food.
(1) The caregiver provides the food for all children who are able to eat regular food.
Caregivers can The caregiver may require parents the parent to provide food for infants an infant or children child requiring a special diet.
(2) Second servings are available for children.
(d) Encouragement to children.Children are encouraged to try new food but are not forced to eat or punished for not eating.
(e) Menus.Weekly menus are planned in advance,
and readily available .Such menus are, and closely followed. although reasonable Reasonable substitutions are permissible.
(f) Water.Water is offered to children at various times throughout the day.
(g) Prohibited foods.Foods that may not be served or offered to children are:
(1) home-canned foods;
(2) raw seed sprouts;
(3) prepackaged unpasteurized juices, milk, or juices that have a warning label;
(4) unpasteurized milk from animals;
45) raw or undercooked animal foods, such as hamburger, fish, or eggs;
56) lightly cooked or uncooked foods containing raw shell eggs, such as meringue, eggnog, ice cream, or egg beverages.
(h) Food storage.Food is covered and protected from contamination and spoilage while being obtained, stored, prepared, or served.
(1) All equipment and surfaces are maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
(2) Refrigerated foods are maintained at 41 degrees
F. Fahrenheit or below. and Stored frozen foods are maintained at 0 degrees F. or below frozen.A thermometer is located in the refrigerator and freezer.
(3) Chemicals and toxins are not stored in the food storage area.
(4) Dishes washed by hand are sanitized and air-dried.
(i) Dishes, cups, and eating utensils.Each child is provided with clean individual dishes, cups, and eating utensils.Disposable items are used only one time.
340:110-3-97. Fire safety
(a) General requirements.It is the responsibility of the primary caregiver to ensure compliance with the construction and equipment requirements contained in this subsection.State or local fire officials are consulted as needed.
(1) Any building used as a family child care home meets local minimum building codes.In localities where a building code does not exist, construction conforms to the current state adopted building code.
(2) If care is provided on the second floor of a multi-family dwelling, the structure meets the life safety code provisions for multi-family occupancies.
(3) Electrical wiring is installed in accordance with state and local codes or ordinances.
(4) All heating and air conditioning equipment is installed in accordance with state and local building codes.
Hot water Water heaters are equipped with a pressure-relief valve.
(1) Each room used for child care has at least two means of escape, at least one of which is a door leading to an unobstructed path to the outside.The second means of escape may be an unobstructed, operable window not less than 820 square inches and large enough to allow all adults and children to escape.
(2) Security bars, when present, must be hinged with a quick release mechanism inside the home that requires one motion to operate, or be unlocked during the hours of child care.
23) Care is not provided for children under three years of age on the second level of a multi-family dwelling. Care of children, including naptime, is not provided for children three years or younger on any floor above ground level.
34) No story above the second level, excluding basements, is used for child care.
(5) When care is provided on the second level, the second route of escape must be a safe means to ground level.
46) Space that is accessible only by a ladder, folding stairs, or through a trap door is not used for child care.
57) When care of children are is permitted on a the floor below ground level, basement, at least one exit is a door leading directly to the outside at ground level.The second means of escape may be an unobstructed, operable window not less than 820 square inches and large enough to allow all adults and children to escape.Care of children is not provided more than one story below the ground.
(8) Every stairway is maintained free of obstructions and provides safe passage.
(9) Stairways within the exits with four or more steps have a railing.
(1) Each door
, which that is a means of exiting the home , opens without a key and is no less than 28 inches wide.
(2) Every closet door latch is such that children can open the door from inside the closet.
(3) Every bathroom door lock is designed to permit opening of the locked door from the outside with a readily accessible opening device.
(d) Stairs. (1) Every stairway is maintained free of obstructions and provides safe passage. (2) Stairways with more than four steps have railings.
ed) Smoke Detectors detectors.
(1) There is at least one operable smoke detector on each level of the home located at the top of
(2) Any room used by children for playing or sleeping, except
kitchens the kitchen, has a smoke detector.
(3) Smoke detectors are tested monthly and a record of the date is documented.
fe) Carbon monoxide detectors.
(1) One operable carbon monoxide detector is installed according to manufacturer instructions
in the same room as the heat source if the heating system in use is not in an enclosed closet and is: when there is a fuel burning appliance in the home. (A) an open flame, natural gas or propane water heater; or (B) an open flame, natural gas or propane home heating system, except for floor furnaces and heating systems located in the attic or garage. (2) If the heat source is located in a room not used for child care such as the master bedroom or kitchen, the carbon monoxide detector is located in the main area used for child care.
(2) Carbon monoxide detectors are tested monthly and a record of the date is documented.
gf) Fire extinguishers.
(1) A portable fire extinguisher, Class ABC or BC, with a gauge is provided for the cooking area.It is readily accessible.
(2) Disposable fire extinguishers with a gauge are acceptable.
(3) Extinguishing devices are UL-approved.
(4) All fire extinguishers are replaced or serviced and tagged by a competent authority every three years
and or when the seal is broken.
hg) Heating equipment.
or ventfree, heaters, portable heaters, or open-face heaters are not used while children are in care.
(2) Portable heaters are not used while children are in care, with the exception of electric oil-filled space heating units.
23) A guard is provided to protect children from hot surfaces and open flames.
34) Fireplaces in use while children are in care have solid doors that are kept closed.
45) A stove or combustion heater is not so located so that where it would prevent escape in case of malfunctioning of the stove or heater.
56) Heating equipment not specifically designed or installed as a normal heating source cannot be is not used for that purpose.
ih) Electrical services.
(1) The use of temporary wiring or extension cords as permanent wiring is prohibited.
(2) Electrical outlet covers are used in all areas occupied by children.
(3) An operable flashlight is available at all times.
ji) Mobile homes.
There is documentation Documentation is maintained that a mobile home, when used as the family child care home and manufactured after June 25, 1976, is in compliance with the current Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Standards, manufactured after 6/25/76 standards.
Mobile homes are The mobile home is anchored and enclosed to ground level with a wind-resistant material.
340:110-3-97.1. Requirements for large family child care homes
(a) Large family child care home.A large family child care home is a residential family home that provides care and supervision for eight to twelve children for part of the twenty-four-hour day.
(b) Requirements.Large family child care homes are required to meet the rules contained in OAC 340:110-3-81 through 340:110-3-97, except as otherwise provided in this Section.
(c) Mobile homes.Large family child care homes operated in a mobile home are required to obtain an approved fire inspection by the state or local fire official prior to caring for children.
cd) Capacity.Large family child care homes are required to meet the rules found in OAC 340:110-3-84(a) .However, except the total number of children in care in a large family child care home is limited to twelve.
de) Supervision of outdoor play.Large family child care homes are required to meet the rules contained in OAC 340:110-3-85(a)( 23) pertaining to the supervision of outdoor play .However, except when two or more staff are needed to meet the required child to staff ratio, at least one staff is present with children outdoors at all times.
ef) Required number of caregivers.Large family child care homes are exempt from the requirements regarding the number of caregivers needed described in OAC 340:110-3-84(b) – and (c).The number of caregivers required in a large family child care home is described in (1) - (3) of this subsection.
(1) One caregiver.One caregiver may care for:
(A) up to five children of any age;
(B) up to six children, with no more than three children
under younger than two years of age;
(C) up to seven children, with no more than two children
under younger than two years of age;
(D) up to seven children, if the children are two years of age and older;
(E) up to eight children, if the children are three years of age and older;
(F) up to ten children, if the children are four years of age and older; or
(G) up to twelve children, if the children are five years of age and older.
(2) Two caregivers.Two caregivers may care for:
(A) up to eight children
under younger than two years of age; or
(B) up to twelve children, with no more than six children
under younger than two years of age.
(3) Three caregivers.Three caregivers may care for up to twelve children, with no more than eight children
under younger than two years of age.
fg) Qualifications of caregivers. Caregivers Primary, assistant. and substitute caregivers at large family child care homes are required to meet the qualifications outlined in OAC 340:110-3-85(a) and (b), except as otherwise described in (1) - (2) of this subsection.
Caregiver Primary caregiver.The primary caregiver or any one person substituting for the primary caregiver must be at least 21 years of age.For anyperson applying after November 1, 2007, the primary caregiver must have:
two years have six monthsof satisfactory full-time experience as the primary caregiver in a licensed or legally exempt family child care setting and a high school diploma or GED home in Oklahoma; or and
one year of satisfactory full-time experience in a licensed or legally exempt child care setting and meet one of the requirements listed in (i) – through (iv) of this section.
A high High school diploma or General Educational Development (GED) and 12 college credit hours in child development or early childhood education.
A vo-tech Vo-tech occupational child care program diploma.
ii iii) A Child Development Associate (CDA) credential.
An associate Associate or bachelor degree in child development or early childhood education.
(2) Assistant caregiver.The assistant caregiver or any
one person substituting for the assistant caregiver must be at least 16 years of age. However, children may Children are not be left alone in the care of anyone under any person younger than 21 years of age.
(3) Substitute caregiver.Any person substituting for the primary caregiver is required to be at least 21 years of age and have current documentation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first aid training.
gh) Training requirements.The primary caregiver and assistant caregiver at large family child care homes are required to meet the training requirements outlined in OAC 340:110-3-85(d), except as otherwise described in (1) - (6) of this subsection.
(1) The primary caregiver is required to complete
30 hours of training every two years by obtaining 15 clock hours of training annually.
(2) The assistant caregiver is required to complete
24 hours of training every two years by obtaining 12 clock hours of training annually.
(3) No more than 6 hours of videos or individual job-related readings is counted toward the annual required training hours for the primary caregiver or assistant caregiver.
(4) Within two years prior to license application, the primary caregiver must have completed and documented all health and safety training listed in OAC 340:110‑3‑85(d)(
23)(A) - (C).
(5) The primary caregiver must have documentation of current completed training in CPR and first aid prior to issuance of the initial permit.
(6) The assistant caregiver completes and documents all health and safety training listed in OAC 340:110-3-85(d)(
23)(A) - (C) within six months of employment.CPR and first aid training are completed before the assistant caregiver is left alone with children.
hi) Outdoor play space.The requirements regarding outdoor play space found in OAC 340:110-3-86(a)(12) must be met. However, the The outdoor play space must be enclosed by a building or a fence that is in good repair, begins at ground level, and is at least four feet high , with no.No exceptions are granted by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services. (i) Transportation.The driver of the vehicle in a large family child care home must be at least 21 years of age.