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Library: Policy

317:30-5-314. Prior authorization

Issued 9-12-22

        Eligible providers must submit an initial prior authorization request to the Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) or its designated agent. Prior authorization requests shall be granted up to six (6) months of ABA treatment services at one (1) time unless a longer duration of treatment is clinically indicated. The number of hours authorized may differ from the hours requested on the prior authorization request based on the review by an OHCA reviewer and/or physician. If the member's condition necessitates a change in the treatment plan, the provider must request a new prior authorization. The prior authorization request must meet the following SoonerCare criteria for ABA services.

(1) The criteria include a comprehensive behavioral assessment, FBA, and other supporting assessment(s) outlining the maladaptive behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of ASD and its associated comorbidities. In addition to completing the initial request form, providers will be required to submit documentation that will consist of the following:

(A) Information about relevant medical status, prior assessment results, response to prior treatment, and other relevant information gathered from review of records and past assessments.

(B) Information gathered from interview of family and/or caregivers, rating scales, and social validity measures to assess perceptions of the client's skill deficits and behavioral excesses, and the extent to which these deficits impede the daily life of the member and the family.

(C) Direct assessment and observation, including any data related to the identified problem behavior. The analysis of such data serves as the primary basis for identifying pretreatment levels of functioning, developing, and adapting treatment protocols, and evaluating response to treatment and progress towards goals.

(D) Functional assessment of problem behavior that includes antecedent factors, skill deficits, and consequences contributing to the problem behavior. The treatment plan should address all three (3) areas, including antecedent interventions, teaching replacement skills, and modification of consequences. Other supporting assessments may be additionally submitted for review.

(2) The prior authorization for ABA treatment will be time limited for up to thirty (30) hours per week unless other hours are deemed medically necessary and authorized through a prior authorization request and must:

(A) Be a one-on-one encounter (face to face between the member and ABA provider) except in the case of family adaptive treatment guidance;

(B) Be child-centered and based upon individualized goals that are strengths-specific, family focused, and community based;

(C) Be culturally competent and the least intrusive as possible;

(D) Clearly define in measurable and objective terms the intervention plan so it can address specific target behaviors. The intervention plan should be clearly linked to the function of the maladaptive behavior and include antecedent interventions, replacement skills to be taught, and modification of consequences. Additional goals may be identified that are related to the core deficits of ASD and are prioritized based on current research and social significance for the individual.

(E) Record the frequency, rate, symptom intensity/duration, or other objective measures of baseline levels;

(F) Set quantifiable criteria for progress;

(G) Establish and record behavioral intervention techniques that are appropriate to target behaviors. The detailed treatment plan utilizes reinforcement and other behavioral principles and excludes the use of methods or techniques that lack consensus about their effectiveness based on evidence in peer-reviewed publications;

(H) Specify strategies for generalization of learned skills beyond the clinical settings such as in the home or other community settings;

(I) Document planning for transition through the continuum of interventions, services, and settings, as well as discharge criteria. Treatment (behavioral training) will be individualized, and documentation will support the identified atypical or disruptive behavior.

(J) Include parent(s)/legal guardian(s) in behavioral training techniques so that they can practice additional hours of intervention on their own. The treatment plan is expected to achieve the parent(s)/legal guardian(s) ability to successfully reinforce the established plan of care and support generalization of skills in the home and community settings. Frequency of parental involvement will be determined by the treatment provider and listed on the treatment plan;

(K) Document parent(s)/legal guardian(s) participation in the training of behavioral techniques in the member's medical record. Parent(s)/legal guardian(s)' participation is critical to the generalization of treatment goals to the member's environment; and

(L) Ensure that recommended ABA services do not duplicate, or replicate services received in a member's primary academic education setting or provided within an Individualized Education Plan (IEP), Individualized Service Plan (ISP), or any other individual plan of care. Documentation may be requested by the OHCA to support coordination of services with other providers and to prevent overlap and duplication of services including those in school settings.

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