317:30-5-241.1. Screening, assessment and service plan
All providers must comply with the requirements as set forth in this Section.
(A) Definition. Screening is for the purpose of determining whether the member meets basic medical necessity and need for further behavioral health (BH) assessment and possible treatment services.
(B) Qualified professional.Screenings can be performed by any credentialed staff members as listed under OAC 317:30-5-240.3.
(C) Target population and limitations. Screening is compensable on behalf of a member who is seeking services for the first time from the contracted agency. This service is not compensable if the member has previously received or is currently receiving services from the agency, unless there has been a gap in service of more than six (6) months. To qualify for reimbursement, the screening tools used must be evidence-based or otherwise approved by Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) and Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (ODMHSAS) and appropriate for the age and/or developmental stage of the member.
(A) Definition. Gathering and assessment of historical and current bio-psycho-social information which includes face-to-face contact with the person and/or the person's family or other person(s) resulting in a written summary report, diagnosis and recommendations. All agencies must assess the medical necessity of each individual to determine the appropriate level of care.
(B) Qualified practitioners.This service is performed by a licensed behavioral health professional (LBHP) or licensure candidate.
(C) Target population and limitations. The BH assessment is compensable on behalf of a member who is seeking services for the first time from the contracted agency. This service is not compensable if the member has previously received or is currently receiving services from the agency, unless there has been a gap in service of more than six (6) months and it has been more than one (1) year since the previous assessment.
(D) Documentation requirements. The assessment must include all elements and tools required by the OHCA. In the case of children under the age of eighteen (18), it is performed with the direct, active face-to-face participation of the parent or guardian. The child's level of participation is based on age, developmental and clinical appropriateness. The assessment must include at least one DSM diagnosis from the most recent DSM edition or diagnostic impression. The information in the assessment must contain but is not limited to the following:
(i) Behavioral, including substance use, abuse, and dependence;
(ii) Emotional, including issues related to past or current trauma;
(iv) Social and recreational;
(vi) Date of the assessment sessions as well as start and stop times; and
(vii) Signature of parent or guardian participating in face-to-face assessment. Signatures are required for members over the age of fourteen (14). Signature and credentials of the practitioner who performed the face-to-face behavioral assessment. The signatures may be included in a signature page applicable to both the assessment and treatment plan if the signature page clearly indicates that the signatories consent and approve of both.
(3) Behavioral Health Services Plan Development.
(A) Definition.The Behavioral Health Service Plan is developed based on information obtained in the assessment and includes the evaluation of all pertinent information by the practitioners and the member, including a discharge plan. It is a process whereby an individualized plan is developed that addresses the member's strengths, functional assets, weaknesses or liabilities, treatment goals, objectives and methodologies that are specific and time limited, and defines the services to be performed by the practitioners and others who comprise the treatment team. Behavioral Health Service Plan Development is performed with the direct active participation of the member and a member support person or advocate if requested by the member. In the case of children under the age of eighteen (18), it is performed with the participation of the parent or guardian and the child as age and developmentally appropriate, and must address school and educational concerns and assisting the family in caring for the child in the least restrictive level of care. For adults, it is focused on recovery and achieving maximum community interaction and involvement including goals for employment, independent living, volunteer work, or training. A Service Plan Development, Low Complexity is required every six (6) months and must include an update to the bio-psychosocial assessment and re-evaluation of diagnosis.
(B) Qualified practitioners.This service is performed by an LBHP or licensure candidate.
(C) Time requirements.Service Plan updates must be conducted face-to-face and are required every six (6) months during active treatment. However, updates can be conducted whenever it is clinically needed as determined by the qualified practitioner and member, but are only compensable twice in one (1) year.
(D) Documentation requirements. Comprehensive and integrated service plan content must address the following:
(i) member strengths, needs, abilities, and preferences (SNAP);
(ii) identified presenting challenges, problems, needs and diagnosis;
(iii) specific goals for the member;
(iv) objectives that are specific, attainable, realistic, and time-limited;
(v) each type of service and estimated frequency to be received;
(vi) the practitioner(s) name and credentials that will be providing and responsible for each service;
(vii) any needed referrals for service;
(viii) specific discharge criteria;
(ix) description of the member's involvement in, and responses to, the service plan, and his/her signature and date;
(x) service plans are not valid until all signatures are present [signatures are required from the member, if fourteen (14) or over], the parent/guardian [if younger than eighteen (18) or otherwise applicable], and the primary LBHP or licensure candidate. The signatures may be included in a signature page applicable to both the assessment and treatment plan if the signature page clearly indicates that the signatories consent and approve of both; and
(xi) all changes in a service plan must be documented in either a scheduled six (6) month service plan update (low complexity) or within the existing service plan through an amendment until time for the update (low complexity). Any changes to the existing service plan must, prior to implementation, be signed and dated by the member [if fourteen (14) or over], the parent/guardian [if younger than eighteen (18) or otherwise applicable], and the lead LBHP or licensure candidate.
(xii) Amendment of an existing service plan to revise or add goals, objectives, service provider, service type, and service frequency, may be completed prior to the scheduled six (6) month review/update. A plan amendment must be documented through an addendum to the service plan, dated and signed prior to the implementation, by the member [if fourteen (14) or over], the parent/guardian [if younger than eighteen (18) or otherwise applicable], and the lead LBHP or licensure candidate. A temporary change of service provider may be documented in the progress note for the service provided, rather than an amendment.
(xiii) Behavioral health service plan development, low complexity, must address the following:
(I) update to the bio-psychosocial assessment, re-evaluation of diagnosis service plan goals and/ or objectives;
(II) progress, or lack of, on previous service plan goals and/or objectives;
(III) a statement documenting a review of the current service plan and an explanation if no changes are to be made to the service plan;
(IV) change in goals and/or objectives (including target dates) based upon member's progress or identification of new need, challenges and problems;
(V) change in frequency and/or type of services provided;
(VI) change in practitioner(s) who will be responsible for providing services on the plan;
(VII) change in discharge criteria;
(VIII) description of the member's involvement in, and responses to, the service plan, and his/her signature and date; and
(IX) service plan updates (low complexity) are not valid until all signatures are present. The required signatures are: from the member [if fourteen (14) or over], the parent/guardian [if younger than eighteen (18) or otherwise applicable], and the primary LBHP or licensure candidate.
(E) Service limitations:
(i) Behavioral Health Service Plan Development, Moderate Complexity (i.e., pre-admission procedure code group) is limited to one (1) per member, per provider, unless more than one (1) year has passed between services, in which case, one can be requested and performed, if authorized by OHCA or its designated agent.
(ii) Behavioral Health Service Plan Development, Low Complexity: Service Plan updates are required every six (6) months during active treatment. Updates, however, can be conducted whenever clinically needed as determined by the provider and member, but are only reimbursable twice in one (1) year. The date of service is when the service plan is complete and the date the last required signature is obtained. Services should always be age, developmentally, and clinically appropriate.
(4) Assessment/Evaluation testing.
(A) Definition.Assessment/Evaluation testing is provided by a clinician utilizing tests selected from currently accepted assessment test batteries. Test results must be reflected in the Service Plan. The medical record must clearly document the need for the testing and what the testing is expected to achieve.
(B) Qualified practitioners. Assessment/Evaluation testing will be provided by a psychologist, certified psychometrist, psychological technician of a psychologist, an LBHP or licensure candidate. For assessments conducted in a school setting, the Oklahoma State Department of Education (OSDE) requires that a licensed supervisor sign the assessment. Each qualified professional must have a current contract with the OHCA.
(C) Documentation requirements. All psychological services must be documented in the member's record. All assessment, testing, and treatment services/units billed must include the following:
(ii) start and stop time for each session/unit billed and physical location where service was provided;
(iii) signature of the provider;
(iv) credentials of provider;
(v) specific problem(s), goals and/or objectives addressed;
(vi) methods used to address problem(s), goals and objectives;
(vii) progress made toward goals and objectives;
(viii) patient response to the session or intervention; and
(ix) any new problem(s), goals and/or objectives identified during the session.
(D) Service Limitations.Testing for a child younger than three (3) must be medically necessary and meet established child [zero (0) to thirty-six (36) months of age] criteria as set forth in the Prior Authorization Manual. Evaluation and testing is clinically appropriate and allowable when an accurate diagnosis and determination of treatment needs is needed. Eight (8) hours/units of testing per patient over the age of three (3), per provider is allowed every twelve (12) months. There may be instances when further testing is appropriate based on established medical necessity criteria found in the Prior Authorization Manual. Justification for additional testing beyond allowed amount as specified in this Section must be clearly explained and documented in the medical record. Testing units must be billed on the date the actual testing, interpretation, scoring, and reporting are performed. A maximum of twelve (12) hours of therapy and testing, per day per rendering provider are allowed. A child who is being treated in an acute inpatient setting can receive separate psychological services by a physician or psychologist as the inpatient per diem is for "non-physician" services only. A child receiving residential level treatment in either a therapeutic foster care home, or group home may not receive additional individual, group or family counseling or psychological testing unless allowed by the OHCA or its designated agent. Psychologists employed in state and federal agencies, who are not permitted to engage in private practice, cannot be reimbursed for services as an individually contracted provider. For assessment conducted in a school setting the OSDE requires that a licensed supervisor sign the assessment. For individuals who qualify for Part B of Medicare, payment is made utilizing the SoonerCare allowable for comparable services. Payment is made to physicians, LBHPs or psychologists with a license to practice in the state where the services is performed or to practitioners who have completed education requirements and are under current board approved supervision to become licensed.