340:100-5-50. Principles of individual planning
The intent of Developmental Disabilities Services (DDS) is to secure services and supports for persons with developmental disabilities to live, work, and participate in their communities.The principles in this Section provide direction and purpose in designing services and supports for persons with developmental disabilities.
(1) Understanding the ways a person with a developmental disability communicates with others is critical.Case managers, program coordinators, and other involved Personal Support Team (Team) members must actively solicit, listen to, and respond to the person's needs, ideas, and choices, whether communicated verbally or non-verbally.
(2) DDS employs a person-centered planning process that is an individually focused approach identifying the needs, preferences, goals, and desired outcomes of the person receiving services.
(3) The Individual Plan (Plan) process ensures people receiving services have access to quality services and supports that foster:
(A) independence, learning, and growth;
(B) choices in everyday life;
(C) meaningful relationships with family, friends, and neighbors;
(D) presence and full participation in his or her community;
(E) dignity and respect;
(F) positive approaches focused on skill enhancement; and
(G) health and safety.
(4) The case manager ensures the Team makes maximum use of services available to all citizens.
(5) Services and supports are provided, based on assessed needs per Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 340:100-5-51.
(6) The case manager ensures the services and supports developed by the Team support the person's network of natural resources.The willing efforts of family members or friends to support areas of the person's life are not replaced with paid supports. • 1
(7) Planning focuses on the needs and outcomes the person receiving services wants to achieve.The Team first considers the preferences of the person receiving services and family, friends, and advocates secondarily.
(8) Each person served has a single, unified Plan.All services and supports are integrated parts of the Plan.Programs involving professional and specialized services are jointly developed to ensure integration of service outcomes.The Team ensures services and supports:
(A) are important for the person to meet the needs identified through an assessment of functional need;
(B) are important to the person with regard to preferences for service delivery;
(C) are commensurate with the person's level of need and the scope of services available through Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) Waivers;
(D) are integrated into the person's daily living;
(E) take advantage of every opportunity for social inclusion;
(F) reflect positive approaches focused on skill enhancement; and
(G) use the least intrusive and restrictive options.
(9) The case manager ensures the Team identifies needed services and supports.
(A) When services and supports are unavailable near the person's home community, the case manager submits a list of such services and supports to the area manager for resource development.
(B) When the Team identifies a lack of available services and supports as a barrier, the Team develops alternative strategies, using available services and supports, pending the development of additional resources.
(C) When an identified service is not within the scope of the State's programs, the Team creatively seeks methods to meet the need.
1.When the Personal Support Team develops strategies that include active involvement of family members and friends, the case manager ensures those individuals understand what is asked of them and can realistically complete the necessary tasks.