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Library: Policy

317:30-5-86. Drug Utilization Review (DUR) Program

Revised 9-14-20

(a) The Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) Drug Utilization Review (DUR) program is authorized by regulations contained in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (OBRA 90) to conduct prospective and retrospective review of pharmacy claims to ensure that prescriptions are:

(1) Appropriate;

(2) Medically necessary; and

(3) Not likely to result in adverse medical results.

(b) The OHCA is authorized to use this program to educate physicians, other prescribers, pharmacists, and patients and also to conserve program funds and personal expenditures and prevent fraud, abuse, and misuse of prescriptions.

(c) The OHCA utilizes a DUR Board managed by an outside contractor to review and analyze clinical and economic data available. The DUR Board reviews and makes recommendations based on predetermined standards submitted to it by the OHCA contractor(s) and, in concert with the retrospective review of claims data, makes recommendations for educational interventions, prospective DUR, and the prior authorization process.

(d) The DUR Board assesses data on drug use in accordance with predetermined standards, including, but not limited to:

(1) Monitoring for therapeutic appropriateness;

(2) Overutilization and underutilization;

(3) Appropriate use of generic products;

(4) Therapeutic duplication;

(5) Drug-disease contraindications;

(6) Drug-drug interaction;

(7) Incorrect drug dosage or duration of drug treatment; and

(8) Clinical abuse or misuse.

(e) The DUR Board is comprised of ten (10) members that are appointed according to 63 O.S. ' 5030.1. DUR Board members with a conflict of interest with respect to OHCA, Medicaid members, and/or pharmaceutical manufacturers must recuse themselves/abstain from voting on any DUR actions related to the conflict of interest.

(f) The DUR program shall adhere to the provisions of Section 1396a(oo) of Title 42 of the United States Code.

(1) The OHCA has implemented the following claims reviewrequirements:

(A) Opioid safety edits at the point-of-sale, including, but not limited to, day supply, early refills, duplicate fills, quantity limitations, and maximum daily morphine milligram equivalent (MME) safety edits. MME safety edits will automatically decline reimbursement of prescription drugs that exceed an established daily MME limit.

(B) Claims review automated process that monitors concurrent use of opioid(s) with benzodiazepine(s) and/or antipsychotic(s).

(C) The prescriptions in (A) and (B) may be reimbursed upon a showing of medical necessity, as evidenced by a prior authorization approved by OHCA or its designee or contractor.

(2) The OHCA has implemented a program to monitor the appropriate use of antipsychotic prescribing for children. The OHCA, or its contractor or designee, regularly reviews a sample of all antipsychotics prescribed to members aged eighteen (18) and younger, including, but not limited to, foster children, that were reimbursed by Medicaid, for safety and appropriate utilization.

(3) The OHCA has implemented a process to identify potential fraud or abuse of controlled substances by members, pharmacies, and prescribing clinicians.

(g) All prescribing clinicians and/or pharmacists shall adhere to appropriate prescribing practices that are consistent with state and federal regulations or may be subject to agency review processes, audits, recoupment, and/or termination of Medicaid contracts [refer to the Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC), including, but not limited to, 317:30-3-2.1, 317:30-3-19.5, 317:30-3-33, and 317:30-5-70.1].

317:2-1-2. Appeals

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