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Extending or Regaining Eligibility​

All SNAP applicants or recipients who are otherwise eligible receive at least 3 "K months" or "initial countable ABAWD months."  After receiving SNAP for their "K months," a client continues their SNAP eligibility by pursuing one of five paths.  Some options do not require any break in eligibility.  Some options require the client to come back after a break in SNAP eligibility and meeting certain conditions. 

Extending Eligibility without a Break

1.    The client becomes exempt.

Clients can remove any ABAWD limitation on their SNAP eligibility by showing they now qualify for an ABAWD exemption.  In this situation, the client participates as any other ABAWD exempt person.  You update the FACS coding to reflect the client's exemption.

2.    The client starts meeting the work requirements while receiving "K months."

With this option, the client is certified for "K months" and then begins meeting the work requirements.  This scenario, for example, could arise when the client finds employment or begins participating with the Employment and Training program after certification. The client qualifies as long as they continue to meet work requirements and the non-ABAWD SNAP eligibility criteria.  The client receives "W months."  

Regaining Eligibility with a Break

3.    The client earns "Y months."

ABAWDs who used their "K months" can regain eligibility by meeting the work requirements over a 30 day period while not receiving SNAP benefits.  The ABAWDS who meet the work requirements for a 30 day period and then stop meeting the requirements may reapply and receive 3 additional months of SNAP eligibility.  The ABAWD case coding refers to these participants as receiving their "Y months."  The client can only regain eligibility once in a 36 month period using this method, and they must use "Y months" consecutively or lose any unused months.

4.    The client earns "M months."

ABAWDs who used their "K months" can regain eligibility by meeting the work requirements over a 30 day period while not receiving SNAP benefits.  The ABAWDS who meet the work requirements over a 30 day period and continue to meet the requirements can participate as long as they continue to meet the requirements.  The ABAWD case coding refers to these participants as receiving "M months."  The client can employ this method of regaining eligibility as often as they fulfill these criteria.

5.    The client's ABAWD Clock expires.

ABAWDS receive 3 "K months" or "initial countable ABAWD months" in a 36 month period.  Once this time has passed, an ABAWD can reapply for a new period of eligibility. 

Example 1:

Francine, aged 35, applies for SNAP benefits on 09/10/2017.  She does not meet an ABAWD exemption or the ABAWD work requirements.  Her worker certifies the case 09/10/2017 and grants her "K months."  Francine starts working at a local temp service.  She begins working on 12/09/2017.  She works 23 hours per week and earns 791.20 in monthly gross income.  When she reapplies what ABAWD status type should she receive? 

Francine receives "W months" since she started meeting the work requirements prior to the end of her "K months."  

Example 2:

Patrick applies for SNAP benefits on 03/12/2017.  The worker certifies him for one prorated month and 3 "K months" on 03/12/2017.  Six months after his SNAP benefits close, he reapplies.  He tells you he worked from 07/19/2017 until 08/18/2017.   He works 86 hours during this time.  He does not have another job yet.  What ABAWD benefit type should he receive? 

He worked at least 80 hours in a 30 day period, so he qualifies for "Y months."

Example 3:

Her worker certifies Wanda on 04/10/2017 for her "K months."  The "K months" run from May 2017 to July 2017."  On 08/15/2017, Wanda begins participating 20 hours per week in a Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) work program.  She reapplies for food benefits on 09/20/2017, and the worker certifies her benefit effective 09/20/2017 for "M months."  At her mid-certification renewal in March 2018, she informs you she finished the work program in February and is looking for a job.  What action should you take? 

You approve her for 3 "Y months" for March, April, and May 2018 and set a reminder to determine whether Wanda is now meeting the ABAWD requirements.  If she is not, close her food benefits effective 06/01/2018.    

Example 4: 

Carlos loses his job in April 2017 and applies for SNAP on 05/10/2017.  The ABWI screen shows he received "K months" in January, February, and March of 2016 and has not received his "Y months."  Carlos worked more than 80 hours and did not receive food benefits in April.  What should you do?

He qualifies for three "Y months."  The SNAP benefits for May prorate and do not count as a "Y month." Issue the "Y months" for June, July, and August.  He will not be eligible for more "Y months" until after January 2019.  He could regain eligibility again during this time period if he meets ABAWD work requirements or becomes exempt.

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