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What is ABAWD?

ABAWD stands for Able Bodied Adult without Dependents.  The term ABAWD refers to those between the ages of 18 and 49 who are not disabled.  Federal requirements limit SNAP participation for ABAWDs unless they meet an ABAWD exemption or work requirements.

ABAWDS who meet an ABAWD exemption

ABAWDs meeting an ABAWD exemption may participate in the SNAP program without ABAWD imposed time limits.  There are several ABAWD exemptions.  Determine if the client's situation fits any of the available ABAWD exemptions.  The ABAWD case coding varies depending on the exemption.   You can find a list of the exemptions here.

ABAWDS who meet work requirements

ABAWDs meeting the ABAWD work requirements may also participate in SNAP program without ABAWD imposed time limits.  When a client is meeting the ABAWD work requirements at their initial application, the ABAWD case coding refers to these participants as receiving "W months."  This option is available until the individual exhausts all their "K months" and fails to meet the work requirements during the "K months." 

ABAWDS who are not meeting work requirements

ABAWDs who do not meet an ABAWD exemption or work requirements can only participate in the SNAP program for 3 months in a 36 month time period.  The ABAWD case coding refers to these participants as receiving their "K months" or their "initial countable ABAWD months."  

SNAP benefits received in other states sometimes affect whether Oklahoma can provide a client with three full months of benefits, so you must verify if the client already used their "initial countable ABAWD months" in another state.  You can find more information about these rules here.

ABAWDS who used all of their "K months" or "initial countable ABAWD months"

ABAWDS who used all of their "K months" or their "initial countable ABAWD months" cannot participate in the SNAP benefit.  They, however, can extend or regain eligibility if they meet certain criteria.

Worker and Client Responsibilities

In order to accomplish its objectives, ABAWD Policy places obligations on DHS clients and workers.  An outline of worker responsibilities and client obligations is available in the Handbook.

The DHS Policy covering ABAWD is located at 340:50-5-64.

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