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Oklahoma City Bombing

In April 1995, bombings and terrorist activity had little effect on the daily lives of American people. Americans lived with the illusion that terrorists operated in other countries and bombs only exploded in faraway cities -- never at home. On April 19, 1995, that illusion was replaced by a terrible reality when a fellow American, with the help of others, used a truck bomb to attack his countrymen working at or visiting the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.

In the days, weeks, and months following the bombing, numerous public agencies, private businesses and organizations pulled together to help the injured and grieving populace, catch the perpetrators, assess the damage, and analyze the event to learn how such events could be prevented.

The Commissioner of Health designated physical injuries and other health-related conditions associated with the bombing a reportable condition for special study. The Injury Prevention Service of the Oklahoma State Department of Health conducted the study and compiled a registry that included information for 1,259 injured and uninjured persons who were directly exposed to the bombing. The purpose of the study was to assess the extent of fatal and nonfatal injuries, disabilities, and costs associated with the bombing. Additionally, from 1996 to 1998, the Injury Prevention Service contacted survivors to collect further information on the causes of bombing injuries, long-term health problems, and medical costs associated with the bombing.

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